Dams

CWC Flood Forecasting: Anomalies between Website and SOP Document

Central Water Commission (CWC) is the only agency in India doing flood forecasting, it becomes very important to understand what CWC does in this regard. The CWC flood forecasting website[i] is the main media through which CWC provides the flood forecasting. CWC has also published on its website, the document giving Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for flood forecasting in 2018[ii]. The Home page of the CWC’s flood forecasting site says that CWC provides Level forecasting for 166 sites and Inflow forecasting for 60 sites. SOP document, however, gives these figures in Table 1, but in Table 2 (as also the full list given in Annexure 1.1 of SOP document), it gives state wise break up for 182 Level forecasting and 93 Inflow forecasting sites. So we can see anomalies in these two sources even about the number of forecasting sites.

Similarly, there are anomalies in basic figures like Warning Level, Danger Level, Highest Flood Level for large number of Level Forecasting sites and also ALL the Inflow forecasting sites, as given in this article for each zone, state and site. This further shows how pathetic is CWC’s flood forecasting. In what follows, first we have given the Zone wise, State wise site wise anomalies for Level Forecasting sites, followed by those for Inflow forecasting sties.

ANOMALIES FOR LEVEL FORECASTING SITES

NORTH INDIA

Pandoa HP 28 July 2018

Pandoa Hydrograph showing sudden fall and rise of about 700 meter which is not possible. 

Kailashahar Tripura 130618 2 Hydrograph for Kailashahar site, Tripura showing two different level for the site on same day. 

Chandil Dam 30 Aug. 2018.png

Incomplete Hydrograph for Chandil Dam. Hydrographs for most of the inflow monitoring sites are incomplete. (Image, 30 Aug. 2018) 

Inactive hydrograph of Rajghat Dam site.

North India there are 21 sites which has different HFL, HFL date, WL and DL information. The information of many sites is incomplete. The Safapora site in J&K, the Ganga Nagar site in Uttarakhand and the Mohana site in Uttar Pradesh are listed under different district in CWC’s FF website and CWC SOP.

States SN Site River District CWC FF Website CWC SOP
WL DL HFL, M HFL Date WL DL HFL, M Date
Jammu & Kashmir 1 Sangam Jhelum Anantnag 1590.3 1591.2 1595.7 09-06-2014 NA NA NA NA
2 Safapora Jhelum Baramula 

Bandipora

1580.0 1580.5 1581.05 26-06-2015 NA NA NA NA
Himachal Pradesh 1 Paonta Sahib Yamuna Sirmaur 383.5 384.5 384.6 05-09-1995 NA NA DO DO
Uttrakhand 1 Haridwar Ganga Haridwar 293.0 294.0 296.3 17-06-2013 DO DO DO 19-9-2010
2 Ganga Nagar Mandakani Chamoli

Rudraprayag

803.0 804.0 808.0 16-06-2013 NA NA NA NA
Haryana 1 Karnal Yamuna Karnal 248.8 M 249.5 M 250.07 17-06-2013 NA NA 250.1 19-9-2010
Uttar Pradesh 1 Mawi Yamuna Muzzafar Nagar 230.0 230.85 232.75 18-06-2013 DO DO 232.45 26.9.1988
2 Mathura (Prayag Ghat) Yamuna Mathura 165.2 166.0 169.73 08-09-1978 164.2 165.2 DO DO
3 SHAHIJINA Yamuna

Betwa

Hamirpur 103.54 104.54 108.67 NA DO DO DO 12.9.1983
4 NAINI Yamuna Allahabad 83.74 84.73 87.99 08-09-1978 DO 84.74 DO DO
5 MOHANA Betwa Jalaun

Jhansi

121.66 122.66 133.35 11-09-1983 DO DO 133.69 DO
6 Kanpur Ganga Kanpur (Urban) 112.0 114.0 114.08 29-09-2010 113.0 DO DO DO
7 GHAZIPUR Ganga Ghazipur 62.105 63.102 65.22 09-09-1978 62.11 63.11 65.22 DO
8 BALLIA Ganga Ballia 56.615 57.615 60.39 25-08-2016 56.62 57.62 DO DO
9 Lucknow (Hanuman Setu) Gomti Lucknow 108.5 109.5 110.85 11-09-1971 DO DO DO 10-9-1971
10 JAUNPUR Gomti Jaunpur 73.066 74.066 77.738 22-09-1971 73.07 74.07 77.74 DO
11 Elginbridge Ghagra Bara Banki 105.07 106.07 107.616 16-08-2014 DO DO 107.56 10.10.2009
12 Balrampur Rapti Balrampur 103.62 104.62 105.54 15-08-2017 DO DO 105.51 16.8.2014
13 Bansi Rapti Sidharthnagar 83.9 84.9 85.88 20-08-2017 DO DO 85.82 21.8.1998
14 Bareilly Ramganga Bareilly 162.07 163.07 162.881 06-08-1978 162.7 163.7 DO DO
15 Allahabad Ganga Allahabad NA NA NA NA 83.73 84.73 88.03 8-9-1978

NORTH EAST INDIA

11 Sites in three North Eastern states namely Arunachal Pradesh, Assam and Tripura are having different information of HFL, HFL date, WL and DL. The spelling of many sites in both sources are mismatching. For example the Annapurna Ghat on CWC website is mentioned as AP Ghat in SOP document. 

States SN Site River District CWC Website CWC SOP
WL DL HFL, M HFL Date WL DL HFL, M HFL Date
Arunachal Pradesh 1 Namsai Lohit Lohit 140.6 141.1 144.46 07-10-1979 DO DO 145.03 31.8.1974
Assam 1 Dibrugarh Brahmaputra Dibrugarh 104.7 105.7 106.48 03-09-1998 103.24 104.24 DO DO
2 Cholddhowaghat Subansiri Lakhimpur 99.43 100.43 101.31 27-07-1972 99.02 100.02 DO DO
3 Ranganadi NT Rd Xing Ranganadi Lakhimpur 93.81 94.81 95.92 02-07-1979 DO DO 94.96 13.08.2009
4 Shivsagar Dikhow Sibsagar 91.4 92.4 94.19 25-06-1998 DO DO 95.62 08.07.1974
5 Golaghat Dhansiri (S) Golaghat 88.5 89.5 92. 45 11-10-1986 DO DO 91.3 DO
6 Badatighat Subansiri Lakhimpur 81.53 82.53 86.21 28-07-1972 DO DO 86.84 28.06.1972
7 Kampur Kopili Nagaon 59.5 60.5 61.79 20-07-2004 DO DO 61.86 16.06.1973
8 Dhubri Brahmaputra Dhubri 27.62 28.62 30.36 01-08-1989 DO DO DO 28.08.1988
9 Annapurna ghat

AP Ghat

Barak Cachar 18.83 19.83 21.84 02-09-1989 DO DO DO 01.08.1989
Tripura 1 Sonamura Gumti West Tripura 11.5 12.5 14.43 23-07-1993 DO DO 14.42 DO

EAST INDIA

There are 15 sites in East India including Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha, West Bengal States carrying mismatching information on HFL, HFL date, WL and DL. The Chatia site of Bihar is mentioned in Motihari district in website but the SOP mentions it in West Champaran district. Similarly the Chhapra site is mentioned in Saran district in website and in Chhapara in SOP. Lalbeghiaghat site is mentioned Purba Champaran district in Website but in Motihari district in SOP.

States SN Sites River District CWC Website CWC SOP
WL DL HFL, M HFL Date WL DL HFL, M HFL Date
Bihar 1 Buxar Ganga Buxar 59.32 60.32 62.09 01-08-1948 DO DO DO 1948
2 Patna Gandhighat Ganga Patna 47.6 48.6 50.52 21-08-2016 DO DO DO 20.08.2016
3 Dumariaghat Gandak Gopalganj 61.22 62.22 64.1 17-08-2017 DO DO 63.6 18-8-2014
4 Hazipur Gandak Vaishali 49.32 50.32 50.93 18-08-1948 DO DO DO 1948
5 Khagaria Burhi Gandak Khangaria 35.58 36.58 39.22 16-08-1976 DO DO DO 1976
6 Basua Kosi Supaul * 46.75 47.75 49.24 13-08-2017 DO DO 49.17 25-8-2010
7 Dhengraghat Mahananda Purnia 34.65 35.65 38.2 14-08-2017 DO DO 38.09 1968
8 Jhawa Mahananda Katihar 30.4 31.4 34.07 14-08-2017 DO DO 33.51 14-8-1987
9 Ekmighat Adhwara Darbhanga 45.94 46.94 49.52 NA DO DO DO 12.07.2004
Jharkhand 1 Sahibganj Ganga Sahibganj 26.25 27.25 30.91 20-08-1998 DO DO DO 1998
Odisha 1 Rajghat Subarnarekha Balasore 9.45 10.36 12.69 09-06-2008 DO DO DO 19-06-2008
2 Govindpur

(NH5 Road Bridge)

Burhabalang Balasore 7.21 8.13 9.5 08-10-1973 DO DO DO 12-10-1973
West Bengal 1 DOMOHANI Teesta Jalpaiguri 85.65 85.95 89.3 04-10-1968 DO DO DO 14-10-1968
2 Tufanganj Raidak-I Koch Bihar 34.22 35.3 36.5 12-08-2017 DO DO 36.36 21-7-1993
3 NH-31 Brahmaputra Jalpaiguri 80.0 80.9 81.33 28-08-1972 DO DO DO 28-08-1972

WEST INDIA

There are 10 sites in Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra with different HFL, HFL date, WL and DL information as CWC website and CWC SOP document. Also Garudeshwar site is mentioned in Narmada district on CWC website but in SOP document it is mentioned in Bharuch district.

States SN Site River District CWC Website CWC SOP
WL DL HFL, M Date WL DL HFL, M Date
Gujarat 1 Bharuch Narmada Bharuch 6.705 7.315 12.65 06-09-1970 6.71 7.31 DO 07-9-1970
2 Subhash Bridge

Ahmedabad

Sabarmati Ahmedabad 44.09 45.34 47.45 20-08-2006 DO DO DO 19-8-2006
3 Wanakbori Mahi Kheda 71.93 74.98 76.1 12-08-2006 71 72.54 DO DO
4 Surat Tapi Surat 8.5 9.5 12.5 06-08-2006 DO DO DO 09-08-2006
Madhya Pradesh   1 Mandla Narmada Mandla 437.2 437.8 439.405 15-07-1974 DO DO 439.41 18.08.1974
2 Hoshangabad Narmada Hoshangabad 292.8 293.8 301.33 27-08-1972 292.83 293.83 300.9 30.081973
Maharashtra   1 Kopergaon Godavari Ahmednagar 490.9 493.68 499.17 01-08-1969 DO DO DO 1969
2 Gangakhed W/L Station Godavari Parbhani 374.0 375.0 377.57 01-08-1947 DO DO DO 1947
3 Pauni Wainganga Bhandra 226.73 227.73 237.115 07-09-1994 DO DO 232.35 07.09.1994
Rajasthan 1 Kota city Chambal NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

SOUTH INDIA  

In South India 11 sites carry mismatching information. Apart from this Kurnool Town is mentioned as Kurnool site in SOP. Also the Kodumudi, Musiri, Savandapur sites mentioned in website are not listed in SOP document. Instead of this, the SOP document has three different sites Srirangam, Erode and Bhavani which are not mentioned in website.

States SN Site River District CWC Website SOP, Document
WL DL HFL, M Date WL DL HFL, M Date
Andhra

Pradesh

1 Atreyapuram Godavari East Godavari 14.0 15.5 NA NA NA NA NA NA
2 Chinturu Sabri East Godavari 41.5 43.0 NA NA NA NA NA NA
3 Kurnool Town Tungabhadra Kurnool 273.0 274.0 281.225 02-10-2009 276 278 285.23 DO
4 Nellore Anicut Pennar Nellore 15.91 17.28 18.7 NA DO DO DO 30.11.1882
Tamil Nadu 1 KODUMUDI Cauvery Erode 125.325 126.325 127.83 25-10-2005        
2 MUSIRI Cauvery Thiruchirapalli 82.115 83.115 86.175 13-11-1977        
3 SAVANDAPUR Bhavani Erode 184.5 185.5 186.878 05-11-1978        
4 Srirangam Cauvery Thiruchirapalli NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
5 Erode Cauvery Erode NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
6 Bhavani Cauvery Bhavani NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Telangana 1 Eturunagaram Godavari Warangal 73.32 75.82 77.66 24-08-1990 73.29 75.79 DO DO

Over all, out of 182 level forecasting sites, 68 (21 in North, 11 in North East, 15 in East, 10 in West and 11 in South India) sites in CWC SOP document have different information on HFL, HFL date, WL and DL information in comparison with CWC website. There is no explanation given for this either in the SOP document or on the website. Again shows how pathetic if CWC’s flood forecasting even on basic aspects.

ANOMALIES FOR INFLOW FORECASTING SITES

NORTH INDIA 

Out of 6 Inflow Forecast sites in Uttar Pradesh (3), Uttrakhand (2) and Haryana (1), CWC website[iii] carries Full Reservoir Level (FRL), Maximum Water Level (MWL) information only for 2 sites Narora and Rihand dam both in Uttar Pradesh. Whereas the CWC SOP (Standard Operating Procedure) document[iv] has FRL information only for 1 site Hathini Kund Barrage in Haryana. The remaining 5 sites in SOP has neither FRL nor MWL information. The Kalagarh Dam site is not mentioned in CWC website but is listed in SOP document.

Pandoa HP 28 July 2018

Pandoa Hydrograph showing sudden fall and rise of about 700 meter which is not possible

States SN Site River Basin District CWC Website CWC SOP
FRL MWL FRL MWL
Uttar Pradesh 1 Dharamnagari  Barrage Ganga Ganga Bijnor NA NA NA NA
2 NARORA Ganga Ganga Bulandshahr 178.42 178.42 NA NA
3 Rihand Dam Rihand Ganga Sonbhadra 268.22 268.75 NA NA
Uttrakhand 1 Banbasa Sarda Ganga Champawat NA NA NA NA
2 Kalagarh Dam Ramganga Ganga Pouri Garhwal NA NA NA NA
Haryana 1 Hathinikund Barrage Yamuna Upper Yamuna Yamuna Nagar NA NA 323.7 NA

 NORTH EAST INDIA

Out of 8 states in North East, there are 6 Inflow Forecast sites mentioned in SOP document and none of the site has FRL and MWL detail. The Teesta V Dam site in not mentioned in CWC website.

States SN Site River Basin District CWC Website CWC SOP
FRL MWL FRL MWL
Sikkim 1 Lower Subansiri Subansiri Brahmaputra Dhimaji NA NA NA NA
2 Rangit 3 Dam Rangit Teesta West NA NA NA NA
3 Rangpo Dam Rangpochu Teesta East NA NA NA NA
4 Rongli Dam Rangpochu Teesta East NA NA NA NA
5 Teesta 3 Dam Lachung Chu Teesta North NA NA NA NA
6 Teesta V Dam Singtam Teesta Teesta East NA NA

 EAST INDIA

In East India, there are 22 Inflow sites (Jharkhand 15, Odisha 3, West Bengal 4) mentioned in SOP document which either lack information or carry different FRL, MWL details from CWC Website. There is only 1 site has FRL information. The Amanat Barrage, Annaraj Dam, Batane Dam and Sikatia Barrage sites in SOP document are not mentioned in CWC website.

States SN Site River Basin District CWC Website CWC SOP
FRL MWL FRL MWL
Jharkhand 1 SUNDAR DAM Sundar GANGA Godda NA NA NA NA
2 Tenughat Dam Damodar GANGA Bokaro 268.834 268.83 DO NA
3 Panchet Dam Damodar GANGA Dhanbad 132.59 132.59 DO NA
4 BHAIRWA DAM Damodar GANGA Hazaribag NA NA NA NA
5 Konar Dam Konark GANGA Hazaribag NA NA NA NA
6 Tilaiya Dam Barakar GANGA Hazaribag NA NA NA NA
7 Maithon Dam Barakar GANGA Dhanbad 150.88 151.79 DO NA
8 Massanjore Dam Mayurakshi GANGA Santhal Pargahas 121.31 121.31 DO NA
9 GALUDIH BARRAGE Dulang SUBARNAREKHA Saraikela 94.5 NA NA NA
10 Chandil Dam Subarnarekha SUBARNAREKHA Purba Singbhum 192.0 NA NA NA
11 GETASLUT RESERVOIR Subarnarekha SUBARNAREKHA Ranchi 590.06 NA NA NA
12 Amanat Barrage Baranadi   Dumka NA NA NA NA
13 Annaraj Dam Khoranadi   Hazaribagh NA NA NA NA
14 Batane Dam, Jamunia   Giridih NA NA NA NA
15 Sikatia Barrage Ashranadi   Dumka NA NA NA NA
Odisha 1 Hirakud Dam Mahanadi MAHANADI Sambalpur 192.02 NA DO NA
2 Rengali Dam U/S Brahmni BRAHMANI-BAITARNI Angul 123.5 NA NA NA
3 Salandi Brahmni BRAHMANI-BAITARNI Keonjhar NA NA NA NA
West Bengal 1 Kangsabati Dam Kangsabati GANGA Mednipur 134.11 134.71 DO NA
2 Durgapur Barrage Damodar GANGA Bardhaman 64.465 NA 64.47 NA
3 Tilpara Mihirlal Barrage Mayurakshi GANGA Birbhum 62.79 NA DO NA
4 Hinglow Dam Hinglow GANGA Birbhum NA NA NA NA

 WEST INDIA

There are 21 Inflow Forecast sites (Gujarat 6, MP 2, Maharashtra 3, Rajasthan 10) in CWC SOP document in West India which either has incomplete or different FRL, MWL information from CWC website. In SOP document only 6 sites carry FRL information and 2 sites MWL information.

Inactive hydrograph of Vapi town.

States SN Site River Basin District CWC Website CWC SOP
FRL MWL FRL MWL
Gujarat 1 Dharoi Dam Dharoi Dam SABARMATI Mahesana 189.59 192.25 187.45 DO
2 Dantiwada Dam Mahi INDUS Banaskantha 182.88 185.06 DO DO
3 Kadana Dam Mahi MAHI Mahisagar 127.71 127.71 126.19 DO
4 Panam Dam Panam MAHI Panchmahal 121.41 NA NA NA
5 Ukai Dam Tapi TAPI Surat 105.156 105.539 102.41 105.16
6 Madhuban Dam Daman Ganga WFR South of Tapi Valsad 79.86 82.4 DO DO
MP 1 Gandhisagar Dam Chambal GANGA Mandsaur 399.9 401.0 DO 399.9
2 Bansagar Dam Sone GANGA Shahdol 341.65 341.64 NA NA
Maharashtra  1 Jaikwadi Dam Godavari GODAVARI Aurangabad 463.91 465.5 DO NA
2 Gosikhurd Dam Wainganga GODAVARI Bhandra 245.5 NA NA NA
3 HATHNUR Tapi TAPI Jalgaon 214.0 214.01 212.02 214
Rajasthan 1 Panchana Dam Chambal GANGA Karauli * NA NA NA NA
2 Bisalpur Dam Banas GANGA Tonk 315.5 NA NA NA
3 Gambhiri Dam Gambhir GANGA Chittaurgarh NA NA NA NA
4 Parwati Pick- up weir Parwati GANGA Baran NA NA NA NA
5 Kalisindh Dam Kalisind GANGA Jhalawar NA NA NA NA
6 Parwan pick-up Weir Parwan GANGA Jhalawar NA NA NA NA
7 Mahi Dam Mahi MAHI Banswara 281.5 281.5 NA NA
8 Somkamla Amba Dam Som MAHI Dungarpur 212.5 NA NA NA
9 Gudha Dam Mej Bundi   NA NA
10 Kota Barrage Chambal Kota   NA NA

SOUTH INDIA

There are 37 Inflow Forecast sites (Andhra Pradesh 10, Karnataka 9, Tamil Nadu 11, Telangana 7) in CWC SOP carrying incomplete or different information from the CWC website. None of the sited have MWL information. Similarly only 2 sites has FRL details.

Incomplete hydrograph of Sathanur dam site in Tamil Nadu. 

States SN Site River Basin District CWC Website CWC SOP
FRL MWL FRL MWL
Andhra Pradesh 1 Indirasagar Project (Polavaram) Godavari GODAVARI East Godavari NA NA NA NA
2 Srisailam Krishna KRISHNA Kurnool 269.75 269.75 DO NA
3 DR KLRS Pulichintala Dam Krishna KRISHNA Guntur 53.34 NA NA NA
4 Sunkesula Barrage Tungabhadra KRISHNA Kurnool 292.0 NA NA NA
5 Prakasam Barrage Lower Krishna KRISHNA Krishna 17.37 18.3 NA NA
6 MADDUVALASA Nagavali EFR B Mahanadi-Godavari Vizianagaram NA NA NA NA
7 Gotta Barrage Vamsadhara EFR B Mahanadi-Godavari Srikakulam NA NA 34.84 NA
8 Thottapalli R/s (APSDPS Data) Nagavali EFR B Mahanadi-Godavari Vizianagaram 105.0 NA NA NA
9 Somasila Dam Pennar PENNAR Nellore 100.58 NA NA NA
10 NARAYANPUR ANICUT Vegavati EFRBM&P Srikakulam 32.77 NA NA NA
Karnataka 1 Almatti Dam Krishna KRISHNA Bijapur 519.6 519.6 DO NA
2 Narayanpur Dam Krishna KRISHNA Bijapur 492.25 492.25 DO NA
3 Bhadra Dam Bhadra KRISHNA Chikmagalur 657.75 657.75 NA NA
4 Tungabhadra Dam Tungabhadra KRISHNA Bellary 497.74 497.74 DO NA
5 Upper Tunga Project Tunga KRISHNA Shimoga 588.24 588.24 NA NA
6 Hemavathi Dam Hemavathi CAUVERY Hassan 890.63 NA NA NA
7 Harangi Dam Harangi CAUVERY Kodagu 871.42 NA NA NA
8 Krishna Raja Sagar Cauvery CAUVERY Mandya 752.49 NA NA NA
9 Kabini Dam Kabini CAUVERY Mysore 696.16 NA NA NA
Tamil Nadu 1 Mettur Dam Cauvery CAUVERY Salem 240.79 NA NA NA
2 Grand Anicut Cauvery CAUVERY Thanjavur NA NA NA NA
3 UPPER ANICUT Cauvery CAUVERY Thiruchirapalli NA NA NA NA
4 Bhavanisagar Dam Bhavani CAUVERY Erode 280.42 NA NA NA
5 KODAGANAR DAM Kodaganar CAUVERY Dindigul NA NA NA NA
6 Poondi Satyamoorthy Reservoir Kosasthalaiyar EFR B Pennar-Cauvery Thiruvallur 42.67 NA NA NA
7 Sathanur Dam Ponnaiyar EFR B Pennar-Cauvery Thiruvannamalai 222.2 NA NA NA
8 Wellington Reservoir Vellar EFR B Pennar-Cauvery Cuddalore 72.54 NA NA NA
9 Gomukhi Dam Vellar EFR B Pennar-Cauvery Villupuram 183.18 NA NA NA
10 VAIGAI DAM Vaigai EFR South of Cauvery Theni 279.2 NA NA NA
11 Chembarampakkam Adyar EFRBP&K Kancheepuram 26.03 26.03 NA NA
Telangana 1 Sriram Sagar(State Gov. Site) Godavari GODAVARI Nizamabad 332.54 333.15 DO NA
2 Sripada Yellampalli Project Godavari GODAVARI Karimnagar 148.0 NA NA NA
3 PVN Rao Kantanapally Project Godavari GODAVARI Warangal NA NA NA NA
4 Singur Dam Manjira GODAVARI Medak 523.6 523.6 DO NA
5 Nizam Sagar(Stat Govt. Site) Manjira GODAVARI Nizamabad 428.24 428.24 DO NA
6 Kaddam Dam Kaddam vagu GODAVARI Adilabad 213.21 NA NA NA
7 P.D. Jurala

Priyadarshani Jurala

Krishna KRISHNA Mahbubnagar 318.52 NA DO NA

ALL INDIA: So there are anomalies between CWC’s Flood Forecasting website and its SOP document for total of 95 Inflow forecasting sites[v], as listed above. ALL the inflow forecasting sites have anomalies. This shows how pathetic is CWC’s inflow forecasting. In addition, as noted in our zonal articles on CWC’s  flood forecasting, the flood hydrograph for almost all the inflow forecasting sites carry incomplete information.

Also see:

INDIA: Overview of CWC Flood Monitoring Sites

WEST INDIA: Overview of CWC Flood Forecasting Sites

SOUTH INDIA Overview of CWC Flood Forecasting Sites

Overview of CWC Flood Forecasting Sites: East India 

Overview of CWC Flood Forecasting Sites: North India

Overview of CWC Flood Forecasting Sites: North East India 

A SANDRP analysis (ht.sandrp@gmail.com)

END NOTES:

[i] http://www.india-water.gov.in/ffs/

[ii] http://cwc.gov.in/main/downloads/SOP_Flood_Forecasting_April2018.pdf

[iii] http://www.india-water.gov.in/ffs/current-flood-forecast/

[iv] http://cwc.gov.in/main/downloads/SOP_Flood_Forecasting_April2018.pdf

[v] The SOP document lists 93 inflow forecasting sites. The FF website list include two additional sites that are not included in the SOP list, thus the total number comes to 95.

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