An abundance of a river and fast diminishing forests This photo-story chronicles the various moods of Lohit river from the point it enters India to the point where it is joined by two equally big rivers to form the mighty Brahmaputra. All photographs taken by Nivedita Khandekar during various journeys over the last decade, mostly in winters.
From references in Indian mythology to the location for proposed cascade of hydro-power projects, Lohit river of Arunachal Pradesh in north-eastern India is unique in many ways. It enters India at the juncture of Tibet, Myanmar and India at the easternmost point. It is as if this free-flowing, almost tempestuous river, cutting across the Himalayan hills, draws its tenacity from the people abounding its path. It would not be wrong to say that the unpretentious Meyor and the Mishmi communities lend their character to the river they call their own. After meandering through the Mishmi Hills, it traverses a short distance at the foothills as if freed from hilly prison only to assimilate its huge volume of waters with two other giant rivers to form the colossal Brahmaputra. Continue reading “Photo Journey along free flowing Lohit River in Arunachal Pradesh”→
India certainly urgently needs credible measures to achieve both structural and operational safety of dams. As the HINDUSTAN TIMES editorial emphasizes, we need much greater transparency, accountability and participation of independent, non government experts at every level of functioning of Dam Safety mechanism. Current Dam Safety Bill draft falls far short of that. This is also underscored by many of the news we bring in this July 16, 208 issue of DRP News Bulletin.
The Tamil Nadu CAG report, as Indian Express reports, has clearly said that the Chennai floods of Dec 2015 were majorly due to the wrong decision of dam operators to release 29000 cusecs of water for 21 hours, in violation of all safety norms, but no was punished for this wrong decision. The same has always been the case.
The Bulletin also brings the warning from, no less than Chief Minister of Assam to NEEPCO that if NEEPCO, the operator of the 405 MW Ranganadi Dam releases water from the dam without warning and when downstream areas are facing floods, they will have to bear the losses people suffer.
Now in this Bulletin there is news that while Cauvery basin dams like Krishnaraj Sagar, Kabini, Harangi, Hemavathy and Bhavani are almost full, and even Mettur is receiving high inflows, the Cuavery delta farmers are waiting for water. We hope this does not create multiple crisis.
Tamil NaduDelta farmers waiting for water from Mettur Farmers in delta districts are looking at the govt to release water from the Mettur dam on or before August 2 for irrigation purposes. Traditionally, the dam is opened on June 12 to save kuruvai cultivation in 16.05 lakh acres land in the delta district of Thanjavur, Tiruvarur and Nagapattinam. This year, the dam was not opened on this date as water level was too low. The Mettur dam was constructed in 1934. Though the traditional date to open the dam was June 12, it was done so only 15 times. While it was opened before the 11 times, the dam was opened very or not opened at all for 57 times, a PWD source said. https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/salem/delta-farmers-waiting-for-water-from-mettur/articleshow/64953722.cms (12 July 2018)
CAUVERY basin, this year is having a lot of water. For the first time in a decade, inflow and outflow from Kabini reservoir has crossed 50, 000 cusecs. KRS may be filled up soon, Bhavani dams are also full and releasing excess water. Hemavathi dam is also getting 2200 cusecs inflow and will start releasing water. Mettur has over 28 TMC in live storage, with additional storage space of 65 TMC, which also may get filled if this trend continues of heavy rainfall in Kodagu, Chikamagalure and Kerala catchments. https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/mysuru/kabini-dam-inflow-and-outflow-reaches-50000-cusecs-mark/articleshow/64952278.cms (12 July 2018)
IndustryHYDRO SECTOR OUTLOOK IS DARK NOT BRIGHT This is TOTALLY misleading, catering to vested interests headline. The total increase in storage capacity in first five weeks since May 31, 2018 when monsoon started, to July 5, 2018 is just 3%. This storage in any case does not make the bleak hydropower outlook any brighter. On the contrary, as a matter of fact, CEA website shows that hydropower generation during June 2018 was 13.19 BU compared to 13.67 BU in June 2017 and during Apr-June 2018 was 31.41 BU, way below 36.27 BU in Apr-Jun 2017, even when installed hydro capacity in June 2018 was 45043 MW, above the capacity a year ago at 44594 MW. Is this a case of planted or sponsored, or fake news?https://energy.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/renewable/storage-reservoir-based-power-sector-expects-shining-output/64943409 (11 July 2018)
Meanwhile, the International Hydropower Association, a lobby for hydropower projects, has launched a new version of what it calls “Hydropower Sustainability Assessment Protocol”. This won’t help push more of destructive hydropower projects since this has long been discredited. If IHA is really interested in better performance of hydropower projects, it should rather adopt the World Commission on Dams recommendations, rather than trying to replace it by its on manufactured protocol, IHA has been trying this without success for over a decade. https://www.hydropower.org/topics/featured/hydropower-sustainability-assessment-protocol
SANDRP BlogHow India Measures Water Storages Govt and media typically report the status of water storage in India using the CWC’s Weekly Reservoir Storage Bulletin, which contain information about just 91 reservoirs in India. In this article we show that the state websites provide information about huge 3863 reservoirs, which even if not sufficient, is a huge improvement over just 91 reservoirs that CWC bulletin includes. We hope all concerned will try to improve the reservoir storage reporting. Please read, share and send comments. https://sandrp.in/2018/07/13/how-india-measures-water-storages/ (13 July 2018)
Sardar Sarovar DamSSNNL asked farmers not to sow water-intensive crops Sardar Sarovar Narmada Nigam Limited (SSNNL), has in an advertisement asked farmers not to sow water-intensive crops like sugarcane, paddy and banana in the current year. SSNNL has also made it clear that it will not be responsible for providing water if sowing of such crops is done despite the advisory. It says, “In the Command area, water will be distributed for irrigation purpose on the basis of availability of water. It is being informed not to sow water intensive crops like sugarcane, paddy, banana etc. in the Narmada command areas.”
Inaccurate report on Sardar Sarovar Dam current water storage Every figure in this opening para of the report is wrong: “With sowing season just five days away, the state govt is under severe pressure as the Narmada catchment area has been hit by a scarcity of rainfall once again. The Sardar Sarovar dam is filled at 37% of its full capacity at the moment, of which total water that can be utilised is around 23%. The data received on July 10 reveals that 3142.06 million cubic metre (MCM) water is stored in Narmada at present.” The reality is that SSP has NO water in live storage capacity. ZERO live storage water. ZERO utilisation water. All the 3142.06 MCM is in DEAD storage, and its not stored in Narmada, in SSP. One wishes our reporting is a bit more accurate and reporters understand what they write. http://www.dnaindia.com/ahmedabad/report-dejavu-low-rainfall-in-narmada-catchment-again-2635767 (11 July 2018)
Land compensation due for 3 decades, Court attaches govt’s cars, furniture A court in Gujarat’s Amreli attached three cars and furniture items of the office of the executive engineer of the state irrigation department in Amreli on July 11 after the state govt, despite court orders, did not pay dues to 9 farmers whose land was acquired for the Thebi and Vadiya dam projects in that district in the 1990s. A bailiff, accompanied by affected farmers, executed warrants issued by the court of principal senior civil judge Kiran Dohare in nine cases. The attached cars and furniture, including the main table, of the office of the executive engineer (EE) were officially put in custody of the court.
The Court also lashed out at Govt and its agencies “for fooling people since 2008” and “for doing nothing.” The irregularities took place during 2004-2008, and entire scam was highlighted way back in 2012 and open enquiry was ordered by the then CM on Dec. 12, 2014, but till date except filing some FIRs against obscure companies, no big fish has been touched. Acting against scamsters is your obligation, the HC tersely observed while rejecting all feeble justifications like absence of manpower, voluminous nature of paperwork as reasons for delay. http://thehitavada.com/Encyc/2018/7/13/%E2%80%98People-are-being-fooled-since-2008-over-irrigation-scam-.aspx (13 July 2018)
Article on Kaleshwaram by Biksham Gujja: “Estimated yield increase and margins in DPR are totally false.”
– The yield increase and profit margins in the DPR are totally false. This is a joke and mockery of preparing DPRs. There is no credibility for such DPRs, they are cooked up to show that the project benefits the farmers and the state. This is a ritual.
– The state govt will spend Rs 53,000 per acre every year towards operation and maintenance (O&M) costs of the Kaleshwaram project, while farmers at best may get a benefit of Rs 15,000 per acre.
– In addition to this, the Kaleshwaram project will displace at least 30,000 people in 19 villages. Further, it will affect land of about 1 lakh acres (40,015 hectares). Considering all other costs, this project will be a major burden on the people of the state and farmers for generations to come. The social ecological costs are not even included in the project.
Madhya Pradesh Forest Advisory Committee recommends forest clearance for the proposed Parna Minor Irrigation Project (Command area 950 ha) in Damoh district in Bearma / Ken Basin, involving use of 55.3 ha of forest land, involving possible submergence of 4166 trees, and where there is some wildlife movement. The project area is about 6.5 km from Durgawati Sanctuary, but it is claimed that it is not part of any wildlife protected area corridor. The FAC has interestingly, said, there will be no felling of trees. See p 17-18 of the minutes. http://forestsclearance.nic.in/writereaddata/FAC_Minutes/7119121412141Minutesofmeeting.pdf
Study Agricultural susceptibility to monsoon variability: A district level analysis of Maharashtra Abstract of the study (paid access) says: “In order to address these issues, focus of the current study is on finer scale analysis of districts of Maharashtra state in Western India. Inter and intra-regional spatio-temporal heterogeneity in monsoon variability parameters was found across districts of Maharashtra. Here, we ranked the districts of Maharashtra using monsoon variability index which includes six different monsoon variability parameters (Wet/Dry Spells, frequency/intensity of extreme rainfall events, deviation from the long-period average and daily-scale variability) by using factor analysis. Monsoon variability index indicated that districts under Vidarbha and Marathwada regions are at highest risk and need immediate attention from decision-makers and scientists.” https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048969717330462?via%3Dihub (1 April 2018)
In just 6 days, Mumbai received 25% more rain than the 40-day average Mumbai recorded a deficit of 9 % between June 28 and July 4, according to the Indian Meteorological Department (IMD). Despite the deficit, the city had a 39 % excess rainfall for the period starting from June 1 to July 4. At the end of July 10, the percentage of excess rainfall climbed to 64 per cent. It means, within a span of six days (June 5-10), Mumbai received 25 per cent more rain than what the city receives during this 40-day period (June 1-July 10).
The rainfall in just the past week (412.2 mm) increased the excess cumulative rainfall by 25 per cent. On July 10 alone, the city received 165.8 mm of rainfall, 831 per cent above normal. The flood-like situation in Mumbai is due to extreme rainfall and is seen in many regions in India. For example on June 12, Mizoram received 107.7 mm of rainfall, which is 643 per cent more than the normal rainfall for that day. Manipur, on the other hand, received 32.9 mm rainfall, which is 68 per cent more than the normal. This was when the monsoon had not even been officially declared in the region. https://www.downtoearth.org.in/news/in-just-six-days-mumbai-received-25-more-rain-than-the-40-day-average-61093 (11 July 2018)
Thane Heavy rains add to Brvi, Bhatsa dam stock Heavy rains in the catchment areas of the two major reservoirs of Thane over the last one week have helped to add nearly 1,44, 000 million litres of water, which is equal o the daily water requirement of Thane city for nearly 9 months. The city requires around 485 mld water and the supply is drawn by several agencies primarily from Bhastsa and Barvi dams. The Andra dam in Pune that also contributes to the supply in Ulhas river basin has recorded around 30% stock. As per revenue department the highest amount of rains was recorded at Barvi reservoir’s catchment area (775mm), which helped increase the water levels from 70 mcm to 105 mcm in the last 10 days. https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/thane/heavy-rains-add-to-barvi-bhatsa-stock/articleshow/64909906.cms (9 July 2018)
Rain fills Godavari dams As per IMD Andhra Pradesh state, which has recorded 30% surplus rainfall, can expect more in the next 3 days. The IMD forecast says the state will receive heavy to very rainfall till July 15. Projects such as Sriramsagar, Lower Manair, Singur and Yellampally were filling up with flows from upstream Maharashtra, where heavy rains have been reported. On the Krishna basin, the Srisailam dam had water at 800.2 feet against full reservoir level of 885 feet, and the water at Nagarjunasagar stood at 511 feet against the full level of 590. https://www.deccanchronicle.com/nation/current-affairs/130718/rain-fills-up-godavari-dams.html (13 July 2018)
The flood water in River Godavari increased due to heavy inflows reported in its catchment area following heavy rains. The district administration alerted the officials to take all necessary measures and evacuate people from low-lying areas. According to Water Resources Department (WRD), currently 3 lakh cusecs of water is being discharging into sea from Sir Arthur Cotton Barrage. All the 175 gates of Dowleswaram, Ryali, Maddur and Vijjeswaram were lifted by half metre height. ” http://www.thehansindia.com/posts/index/Andhra-Pradesh/2018-07-12/Water-level-rising-in-Godavari/397320 (12 July 2018)
Uttrakhand, Manipur At least 16 people were killed in rain-related incidents in Uttarakhand and Manipur on July 11. Seven people were killed and two injured in a cloudburst that washed away parts of Dehradun, while nine people, including eight children, were killed in landslide caused by heavy rain in Manipur’s Tamenglong district. In Manipur, the landslide took place around 3am on July 11 at three different places of Tamenglong district headquarter, about 150km west of Imphal.
Hindi report on Dehradun cloud burst incident: उधर, कुमाऊं मंडल में पिथौरागढ़, बागेश्वर और चंपावत जिले में बारिश ने लोगों की दुश्वारियां बढ़ा दीं। बागेश्वर जिले के कपकोट में रामगंगा नदी पर बागेश्वर-पिथौरागढ़ को जोडऩे वाला झूला पुल टूटने से एक रिसॉर्ट सहित तीन मकान खतरे की जद में आ गए हैं। पिथौरागढ़ के खोलागांव में दो मकान क्षतिग्रस्त हो गए, जबकि थल तहसील के नापड़ गांव में भूस्खलन से दो मकान खतरे की जद में आ गए हैं। तीनों जिलों में थल-मुनस्यारी मुख्य मार्ग सहित 55 संपर्क मार्ग बंद हैं। https://www.jagran.com/uttarakhand/dehradun-city-heavy-rain-in-uttarakhand-18183513.html (12 July 2018)
Check Dams Row Between AP & TNChennai farmers object to AP check dam work After raising the height of check dams across the Palar River to increase water storage level, the Andhra Pradesh Govt is now taking up construction of a series of check dams across Lava River, which flows into Tamil Nadu as Nagari River say farmers in villages close to the inter –state border. The AP Govt continued with the construction activities, trampling the lower riparian rights, while the TN Govt remained in hibernation ignoring the inter-state river disputes and plights of the farmers, said farmers of Pallipet Panchayat.
Further a team of senior officials of the Public Works Department (PWD) inspected the sites for the construction of check dams across Rivers Periyar and Varattar near Thammampatti on July 9.The Rivers Varattar and Periyar used to have water for more than six months in a year, facilitating farm operations to a big extent. The dry bed of both the rivers due to the recurring drought conditions has affected the farm operations in Thammampatti and surrounding areas in a big way, besides the ground water level.
The visit of the team was following a representation made by the Thammampatti Makkal Podhunala Committee to the CM and district administration for the construction of check dams. According to PWD sources, there is a certain possibility of construction of check dam at Santhaipettai for the benefit of the farming community. A check dam already existed near the Sivan Temple across River Periyar. But, it is at present in a poor condition due to the lack of maintenance. The department will suggest renovation of the now defunct check dam near the Sivan Temple through the TWAD Board. https://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-tamilnadu/pwd-officials-inspect-sites-for-construction-of-check-dams/article24404459.ece (13 July 2018)
Tamil NaduNoyyal river turns frothy On July 11, some unidentified untreated effluents from dying units were released in the river which increased the toxic levels of the water body and turned the river frothy near Aathupalam district. The local residents of the area have filed several complaints with the Tamil Nadu PCB but no plea had been heard so far, the authorities have failed to act on the issue.
GANGA UttrrakhandSolid waste cannot be permitted to be dumped near Ganga river: HC Hearing a PIL stating that solid waste at Muni-ki-Reti in Rishikesh is dumped barely 700 meters away from Ganga, Uttarakhand high court on July 10 has directed the state govt to set up a solid waste management plant within three months after the land is transferred for cluster of Rishikesh, Muni-ki-Reti, Swargashram Jonk , Doiwala (Dehradun), Narendra Nagar (Tehri Garhwal).
Swami Sanand Ganga Fast: The HC on July 11 also directed the govt to admit him to AIIMS (Rishikesh) if he was unwell or allow him to go back to Maitri Sadan. While hearing the petition filed by Swami Sanand, Justices Alok Singh and Rajiv Sharma directed the Principal Secretary (Home) to disclose the address to his followers where the saint was being kept. They also directed the Chief Secretary to hold discussions with the saint. http://www.tribuneindia.com/news/uttarakhand/if-unwell-admit-ganga-crusader-to-aiims-hc/619032.html (12 July 2018)
Tarun Bharat Sangh PR on July 11, 2018. Prof G D Agarwal, now known as Swami Gyan Swarup Anand, who was on fast unto death for the cause of Ganga since June 22, 2018, was roughly treated and picked up by large number of police and forcibly taken to hospital at 4 pm on July 10, 2018 from Matri Sadan, Haridwar. This is condemnable.
On 18-day the fast was forcibly disrupted by the authorities after the medical examination suggested that Swami Sanand’s condition was turning serious. On the 19th day of his fast and after reporting deteriorating health conditions, Swami Sanand was taken to a hospital in Dehradun and kept under medical observation. Even at the hospital, Swami Sanand pledged to continue his fast. He asserted that he would not call off the agitation until his demand for passing the draft of the Ganga Protection Act was fulfilled. http://www.tribuneindia.com/news/uttarakhand/fasting-ganga-crusader-taken-to-hospital/618397.html (10July 2018)
YAMUNA Uttar Pradesh Use of chlorine, alum to treat water up by 10 times With pollution level increasing in River Yamuna, city’s main sources of drinking water, Jal Sansthan has been raising use of chlorine and alum over 10 times what is recommended. As per World Health Organization standards, 5 to 10 parts per million (PPM) of chlorine and alum can be added for treating water. According to Jal Sansthan sources, more than 100 PPM of alum and 65 PPM of chlorine is presently being used for treating Yamuna water.
Mines & Minerals 4th National Conclave Sand mining most discussed issue now a days: Mining MinisterIndia begins sand import: According to officials present at the 4th national conclave on mines and minerals being held in Indore, a new item has just been added on India’s import list. And that is sand or what is known as ‘baalu or reti or gitti’ in the Hindi heartland, the hotbed of illegal sand mining. Officials also told a shipment of sand had arrived from Oman – a development that should worry the policymakers and judiciary alike.
Rajasthan Sandstorm in the desert SC May 2018 order banning sand extraction without scientific assessment of the ecological impact and the rate of sand replenishment has become a major cause of unrest against the ruling govt says the report. Earlier, in 2012, the SC had ordered that sand be extracted as per a policy that mandates environmental clearance and issues leases for tracts large enough to enable adequate monitoring. The state, in 2013, allocated five-year mining rights to 82 bidders, netting Rs 460 crore against a reserve price of Rs 50 crore. The lessees were given time to get green clearances.
Tamil NaduIllicit sand mining leads to one more murder near Nanguneri Illicit sand quarrying in Nanguneri police sub-division has led to yet another murder. This time, a youth was hacked to death by two brothers with whom he had enmity over lifting sand illegally from Nambiyar riverbed and adjacent areas. It was in the same sub-division – near Vijayanarayanam – that a police constable attached to the Special Branch, S. Jegadish Durai, was gruesomely murdered when he tried to nab illicit sand miners in the early hours of May 7.
Farmers want illegal sand mining stopped in River Vasishta Farming community and the local people have urged the government to take steps for protecting River Vasistha by checking unauthorised sand mining and water tapping. Named after the Hindu sage Vasishta, the river originates in Arunootrumalai near Vazhappadi and passes through Attur, Thalaivasal, Sitheri. The farmers of the River Vasishta irrigation system have been complaining that indiscriminate sand mining, illegal tapping of water using motors have hit their interest to a big extent.
Flyover on EKWCentre nod not enough, HC to take call The state govt cannot go ahead with the construction of the controversial flyover proposed through the east Kolkata wetlands (EKW) even if the Centre clears it, the Calcutta HC has ruled. Ruling on a PIL filed by Public, civil society group, a division bench of Chief Justice Jyotirmay Bhattacharya and Arijit Banerjee passed an order restraining the state from going ahead with the construction even if the Central Wetland Authority sanctioned the proposal. It has ordered that the permission be first placed before the bench for it to decide on the project’s fate.
Kerala Proposed bill a threat on wetlands in State Concerned groups opposing amendments in Kerala Conservation of Paddy Land and Wetland Act 2008, which they feel would further shrink the state’s paddy fields and cause widespread environmental damage. After 12 amendments & 2 new provisions, the Kerala Assembly, in first week of July 2018, had passed the bill to make it easier to reclaim paddy fields, wetlands and “unnotified land” for infrastructure development projects.
Chandigarh Admn moves to declare Sukhna Lake a wetland Chandigarh Administration has started the process to declare Sukhna lake a wetland under the Wetlands (Conservation and Management) Rules, 2017. Sources said the decision to declare Sukhna a wetland was likely to be taken at the first meeting of the Chandigarh Wetland Authority, constituted recently by the Administration. The committee will hold its meeting on July 16. The authority has been formed under the chairmanship of the UT Administrator. The committee has 15 members. The UT Adviser has been appointed the vice-chairman of the authority. https://www.tribuneindia.com/news/chandigarh/admn-moves-to-declare-sukhna-lake-a-wetland/619809.html(13 July 2018)
Rajasthan Fascinating story of birds, mostly water birds of Bird Village Menar.
Bihar reaping the benefits of water conservation done through MGNREGA Bihar has taken up water conservation work using the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) funds in a promising way after PM Modi sent a letter to all the states in April to take up conservation to help farmers. “We have completed 3,202 such projects and Rs 220 crore has been spent on the works,” a senior official in the Bihar rural development department, the nodal department for implementing MGNREGA in the state, said. Around 3,000 more such projects were in the pipeline and those would be completed soon. The works, which are being done include watershed management, water conservation and renovation of traditional water bodies among others. https://www.telegraphindia.com/states/bihar/thrust-on-water-savings-243394 (9 July 2018)
Tamil Nadu Groundwater level down by a metre in city The average groundwater level has dipped by one metre in Chennai in June compared to the same period last year, according to a study by Rain Centre, a voluntary organisation. As water resources, including the city’s major reservoirs, have remained scarce for the past two years, the city is being supplied with 650 million litres on alternate days. This has led to people extracting more groundwater to bridge the gap in Metrowater supply.
RajasthanBhilwara, residents lock barrels to prevent theft According to a report of the Ministry of Water Resources on the groundwater level in Bhilwara, the underground drought is significantly high in nearly all blocks of the district. The district’s annual replenishable groundwater resource was assessed at 428.18 million cubic metre (mcm); the net annual groundwater availability was estimated to be 386.59 mcm; and the net annual groundwater withdrawal for all uses was calculated to be 524 mcm. The report also states: “The stage of groundwater development in the district is 135.55 percent, which indicates that the scope of groundwater development is already exhausted. All the blocks are ‘over-exploited.'”
StudyReplacing rice with millets can save water and provide nutrition India could reduce the water it uses for irrigation by a third and simultaneously address its persistent malnutrition problem if it replaced its rice crop with more nutritious and less thirsty cereals, a study of irrigation-water use over 43 years has found. The suggested replacements for rice are maize, finger millet, pearl millet and sorghum, all of which consume less water per tonne and are more nutritious. The study, ‘Alternative cereals can improve water use and nutrient supply in India’, was published on 4 July 2018.
घटतीखपत, बढ़तेउत्पादन, बढ़तेरकबेसेअगलेसीजनमेंचीनीकाभावरसातलमेंजानेकाअनुमान ब्राजील के बाद भारत दुनिया का दूसरा सबसे बड़ा चीनी उत्पादन करने वाला देश है। चालू पेराई सीजन में ही चीनी का उत्पादन 320 लाख टन हो चुका है जिससे घरेलू चीनी उद्योग नकदी संकट के दौर से गुजर रहा है। किसानों को उनके गन्ने का भुगतान करना भी संभव नहीं हो पा रहा है। लगभग 20 हजार करोड़ रुपये की बकाएदारी हो चुकी है।
सरकारी मदद के बावजूद चीनी का स्टॉक घट नहीं पा रहा है। निर्यात मांग न होने से घरेलू जिंस बाजार में कीमतें दबाव में हैं। इसका सीधा असर अंतरराष्ट्रीय बाजार पर पड़ रहा है। कई तरह की रियायतें व सहूलियतें देने के बावजूद घरेलू चीनी वैश्विक बाजार में पड़ता नहीं खा रही है। दुनिया के सभी जिंस बाजारों में चीनी के वायदा मूल्य घटाकर बोले जा रहे हैं। दुनिया में चीनी का सबसे बड़ा आयातक देश चीन बना हुआ है। घरेलू चीनी उद्योग का प्रतिनिधिमंडल चीन का दौरा कर चीनी निर्यात की संभावनाएं तलाश चुका है। लेकिन घटे मूल्य पर कई और देश प्रतिस्पर्धा करने को तैयार है।
भारत में गन्ना खेती का रकबा 50 लाख हेक्टेयर से अधिक होता है जिसमें इस बार और वृद्धि होने का अनुमान है। चालू पेराई सीजन में 320 लाख टन चीनी उत्पादन के साथ 39 लाख टन का कैरीओवर स्टॉक मिलाकर कुल उपलब्धता 359 लाख टन हो गई है। इसमें से केवल 250 लाख टन की घरेलू खपत होनी है। 1कुल 109 लाख टन का कैरीओवर स्टॉक अगले साल बचेगा जो आगामी चीनी वर्ष में उद्योग के समक्ष मुश्किलें खड़ी कर सकता है। https://epaper.jagran.com/ePaperArticle/13-jul-2018-edition-garwal-page_15-12251-10836-105.html (13 July 2018)
– NECS has also bought field equipment and software to determine EFlow and has conducted EFlow on pilot sites at Wangchhu, Punatsangchhu, Parochhu, and Phochhu and has developed a draft guideline on EFlow under the project. The EFlow guideline contains information on collection of data, modeling, and analysis of field data. The guideline is yet to be implemented.
– As part of the second phase of the project, NECS formed a taskforce with members from hydropower developers in April this year. About 20 members of the taskforce were trained in using the field equipment and in processing data. Following discussion with the taskforce, Mangdechhu site has been selected to study the EFlow with the taskforce members.
– The National Environment Protection Act of Bhutan 2007 states that reasonable amount of water for environmental flows to protect the fresh water biodiversity and maintain ecosystem functions should be ensured. Water Act of Bhutan 2011 also states that the commission shall in collaboration with competent authorities set minimum EFlow of water courses required to support and conserve the riverine habitats and its flora and fauna. http://www.kuenselonline.com/hydropower-developers-learn-scientific-evaluation-of-eflow/ (10 July 2018)
Nepal Water Resources & its development strategySome interesting macro level facts and figures: Nepal has four big Rivers. Koshi, Gandaki (Narayani), Karnali and Mahakali. [There are others: Babai, West Rapti, Bagmati, Kamala, Kankai.] In total, Nepal has more than 6000 rivers. The total annual surface runoff draining the country from these rivers amounts to 225 BCM. Additionally, Nepal has an estimated 12 BCM of ground water with the Bhavar Zone serving as recharger of groundwater resources. Nepal’s water resources contribute approximately 45 per cent of the long term average flow of the Ganges Basin and constitute over 70 per cent of the Ganges flow during the driest months. Nepal has an area of 14,718,100 ha of land. Of this 2,641,000 ha is agricultural and 1,766,000 ha is irrigable.
– Nepal has been able to provide irrigation facility to 1.43 million ha of land in 2017 although year round irrigation facility is available to only 35% of it. Of this, surface irrigation accounts for 57%, groundwater 31% and farmer managed irrigation 12%. Nepal’s population stayed at 29.30 million in 2017.
– Out of the peak demand of 1198 Mw in the past winter, 501 Mw of power was met internally, 468 Mw by import from India and 268 Mw by load management though for the coming years, the prospects are bright with the availability of almost 3000 Mw with the completion of several projects now under construction coming in line including 456 Mw Upper Tamakoshi Hydro-electric Project.
– Bheri-Babai Inter-Basin Diversion Project where water from Bheri River, a tributary of Karnali River, is transferred to Babai River emerging from the Siwalik Range connecting together by means of a 12.4 Km long tunnel. The Project when completed is to provide the year-round irrigation to 51,000 ha of land in Banke and Bardiya districts and provide 48 Mw of hydro-power as a by-product. It is estimated to cost Rs 26.17 billion. http://telegraphnepal.com/nepals-water-resources-and-its-development-strategy/ (12 July 2018)
PakistanWater shortage despite abundant resources Detailed report about ongoing water crisis in Pakistan: Major dams like the Tarbela and Mangla have both reached the point of dead storage, at a time when farmers desperately need their water for the newly-sown Kharif crops.
-The Indus River Systems Authority (IRSA) has already sounded an alarm, and in a letter to the governments of Punjab and Sindh, has called for contingency plans not only to take care of the present crops, but also to deal with likely shortages in the Rabi season ahead. This is very serious business for Pakistan’s food security and on the ground, for the farmers of Sindh and Punjab.
– Recent data released by the IRSA indicates that unusually low temperatures in Skardu in Pakistan’s Gilgit-Baltistan region has resulted in very low inflows into the Tarbela and Mangla dams, which feed the canal system in Punjab and Sindh.
– Apart from this, the water level in other sources in the Indus River Basin has also been steadily dropping, overall by 179 percent. This includes the Kabul river, the flow of which has declined by 11 percent, as has the flow from rivers from India. The Jhelum has always had a sluggish flow, while the flow of the Chenab river is said to have reduced 41 percent over the years. Ironically, it is probably this river from India that is likely to be the only “save” for Pakistani farmers at the moment after the recent monsoons.
– Gilgit-Baltistan contains the only perennial glaciated areas outside the polar region and constitutes about 28 percent of the total land mass. That alone should be enough. But the trouble is that temperature fluctuations, particularly warmer summers, means that it is also the source of the severe flooding that hits the north intermittently.
– Several of the more than 5,000 glaciers are also retreating, not only because of global warming, but local conditions, too. That is bad news for everyone from Pakistan-occupied Kashmir to the badlands of Balochistan. But it is also a geographic fact that water resources are limited to only the provinces that lie along the grand old Indus river, while the rest are largely dependent on the monsoons.
– Rainfall, about 60 percent of which is usually received between July and Sept, contributed about 13 percent to the water that goes into the canal diversions. Given the extreme variability in the monsoons in the last decade, this means that a staggering 92 percent of Pakistan is classified as arid or semi-arid.
ResearchRiver-discharge effects on United States Atlantic and Gulf coast sea-level changesVERY SIGNIFICANT: We explore the relation between observed river discharge and sea level on the United States Atlantic and Gulf coasts over inter-annual and longer periods. We formulate a theory that predicts the observed correspondence between river discharge and sea level, demonstrating a causal relation between the two variables. Our results highlight a significant but overlooked driver of coastal sea level, indicating the need for (1) improved resolution in remote sensing and modeling of the coastal zone and (2) inclusion of realistic river runoff variability in climate models. (Full Paper: http://www.pnas.org/content/pnas/early/2018/07/03/1805428115.full.pdf)
USThe Valley floor is sinking, and it’s crippling California’s ability to deliver water The Friant-Kern Canal (Completed during Harry Truman’s presidency, the Canal has been a workhorse in California’s man-made water-delivery network. It’s capable of piping billions of gallons of water to cities and farms on a 152-mile journey along the east side of the San Joaquin Valley.) has been crippled by a phenomenon known as subsidence. The canal is sinking as the Valley floor beneath it slowly caves in, brought down by years of groundwater extraction by the region’s farmers. Along a 25-mile stretch of Tulare County rich with grapevines and pistachio trees, the canal has fallen so far — a dozen feet since it opened in 1951 — that it has lost more than half of its carrying capacity downstream from the choke point. It needs USD 350 M to repair it.
– The canal has been fixed once before to deal with subsidence, in 1979. The sides of the canal were raised. That can again be done now. Another strategy under consideration is installing a pumping plant at the choke point to move water through. Pumping costs will be substantial.
IraqWetland wildlife threatened by low water levels Dozens of water buffalo in Iraq’s south-eastern wetlands have died because of low water levels in the marshes, threatening the livelihoods of a community of marsh dwellers that has made the area its home for millennia. Iraq’s marsh Arabs live amid a flat landscape of water and grasses near the border with Iran. The area is thought to be the site of the biblical Garden of Eden and UNESCO named it a world heritage site in 2016.
Iceland LandslideLargest Landslide in Icelandic History UNUSUAL GIANT LANDSLIDE DAM HAS BLOCKED SALMON RIVER; FISHER PEOPLE FEAR THE EVENT WILL REDIRECT THE PATH OF RIVER IMPACTING THE SALMON FISH IN IT.
An enormous landslide on Fagraskógarfjall Mountain in Hítardalur in West Iceland took place early on July 7 morning, flooding a well-known salmon fishing river with mud and rock and almost completely changing the face of the landscape RÚV reports. The landslide is thought to be the largest that has ever occurred in Iceland.
Experts say that the uncommonly wet summer weather is to blame for the event. “This is a direct consequence of all this rain,” remarked geologist Finnbogi Rögnvaldsson who was called to the site yesterday. Police and Icelandic Search and Rescue were also on the scene, which has been closed off for obvious safety reasons. http://icelandreview.com/news/2018/07/08/largest-landslide-icelandic-history (8 July 2018)
Deve Petley doesn’t think Fagraskógarfjall landslide to be larger than the Askja landslide in 2014: The landslide debris reportedly covers an area of about 1.8 km² and a run out distance across the plain of about 1.5 km. The landslide has blocked the river, and a lake is developing, though it appears that the water will probably find an alternative channel fairly quickly.
Whilst northern Europe is having an exceptional summer (the weather in the UK is the driest in 40 years for example), Iceland is suffering from very poor conditions. May was the wettest on record in Reykjavik, and June was no better, suffering the lowest number of hours of sunshine in June in recorded history. Thus, it seems likely that the landslide was a consequence of the high levels of recent rainfall. This landslide will have generated a strong seismic signal, but reports suggest that there is no seismic station within 40 km, sadly. https://blogs.agu.org/landslideblog/2018/07/09/fagraskogarfjall-1/ (9 July 2018)
KarnatakaIsha Foundation flouted norms: CAG The CAG has found that Isha Foundation, Coimbatore, had continued construction at its headquarters in an elephant habitat/corridor without obtaining a no objection certificate from the Hill Area Conservation Authority (HACA).Despite issuing two notices in 2012, and returning the NOC request in February 2013, the State Forest Department did not take any follow-up action to stop further construction. Instead, the Coimbatore District Forest Officer, when re-approached by Isha in 2017, forwarded it to the Principal Chief Commissioner of Forests with a recommendation to grant HACA permission. These revelations are found in the CAG report on Economic Sector for the year ending March 2017 tabled in the Assembly on July 9. https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/tamil-nadu/isha-foundation-flouted-norms-cag/article24393672.ece (12 July 2018)
Govt and media typically report the status of water storage in India using the CWC’s Weekly Reservoir Storage Bulletin, which contain information about just 91 reservoirs in India. In this article we show that the state websites provide information about huge 3863 reservoirs, which even if not sufficient, is a huge improvement over just 91 reservoirs that CWC bulletin includes. We hope all concerned will try to improve the reservoir storage reporting.
It should be added here that this measures only surface water stored in some of the large reservoirs of India. This excludes large number of big reservoirs, lakhs of smaller reservoirs, groundwater aquifers and soil moisture storage. In spite of these limitations, this provides more accurate picture than just the 91 reservoirs of CWC that everyone in India, including media, govt monitoring and policy makers look at.
The NATIONAL PLATFORM FOR SMALL SCALE FISH WORKERS (INLAND) is convening a Consultative Meeting on Livelihood Issues of Inland Small Scale Fish Workers 10thJuly 2018, Gandhi Peace Foundation, New Delhi.
The Invitation letter says: “India is gifted with vast and varied inland water bodies bearing rich fish resources.Rivers and canals, reservoirs, ponds and tanks, oxbow lakes, wetlands, backwaters and estuaries yield 7.21 million tonnes of fish which is more than 66% of total fish production of the country. The sector sustains about 4 million fish workers and a total population of around 2 crores.Fish provides good quality animal protein rich in minerals and vitamins. About 800 million Indians eat fish. After milk, fish is the largest source of our animal protein.These huge resources are under severe stress. Rivers are poisoned with heavy pollution. Diversion of water from rivers is harming their ecological flow.
But the cabinet ended up setting up a committee to assess the ground water situation in the state and submit a detailed proposal for water conservation.
– Punjab has the highest rate of groundwater exploitation and had on average withdrawn 28.2 million acre feet (MAF) water yearly during 2008-2013. However, the yearly average replenishment of water was only 18.9 MAF.
Water use across US has been decreasing since 2005, has now reached pre 1970 levels, says the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) study[i] published on June 19, 2018. According to a new USGS report[ii], 445 BCM (Billion Cubic Meters, all BCM figures are annual figures) of water were withdrawn for use in the United States during 2015. This represents a 9 percent reduction of water use from 2010 when about 489 BCM were withdrawn and the lowest level since before 1970 (511 BCM). Continue reading “USA manages to reduce 2015 water use to below 1970 level”→