Dams · Floods

WEST INDIA: Overview of CWC Flood Forecasting Sites

Central Water Commission is the only agency doing flood forecasting in India. As per CWC’s Flood Forecasting website[i] the Data Flow Map has information about 226 Flood Forecast Sites in the country comprising of 166 Level Forecast Sites and 60 Inflow Forecast Sites. It also monitors 700 other sites, information is made available through List Based Exploration and Hydrograph View, but no flood forecasting is done for these sites.

In order to better understand the CWC’s flood monitoring and forecasting work, in this article, we have given an overview of CWC’s flood forecasting and monitoring sites in West India. It includes state wise list of CWC’s Level Forecasting, Inflow Forecasting and level monitoring sites in 5 States in West India. Similar report has been published for North India[ii] and North East India[iii] and East India[iv] and South India[v]. This is the last part in the series. 

RAJASTHAN 

In Rajasthan, CWC has 33 sites including of 25 Level Monitoring and 8 Inflow Forecast sites. The state has no Level Forecast site. Out of 25 Level Monitoring site Mount Abu site is not active. Similarly HFL details and date is not given for 8 Level Monitoring sites though the hydrograph for the same sites are active.

The Bigod and Duplicate Old Bigod sites appear same. The hydrograph for Bigod is active and inactive for Duplicate Old Bigod. The HFL level for both sites is same but HFL date is different.  Similarly FRL and MWL information is incomplete for four Inflow Forecasting sites. The hydrographs for most Inflow Forecast sites have incomplete information.

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Slideshow of screenshots showing errors in hydrographs and CWC sites in Rajasthan 

List of Level Monitoring Sites in Rajasthan

SN Site River Basin District HFL, M Date
1 Pali Chambal GANGA Sawai Madhopur 203.65 23-08-1996
2 Manderial Chambal GANGA Karauli * 169.96 23-08-1996
3 Dholpur Chambal GANGA Dhaulpur 145.54 23-08-1996
4 Kota Barrage Chambal GANGA Kota NA NA
5 Bigod Banas GANGA Bhilwara 430.71 01-06-1994
6 Duplicate Old Bigod Banas GANGA Bhilwara 430.71 01-07-1994
7 Tonk Banas GANGA Tonk 262.05 09-09-1973
8 Baranwada Banas GANGA Sawai Madhopur 199.281 09-09-1973
9 Salavad Kalisind GANGA Jhalawar 320.72 21-08-1996
10 Barod Kalisind GANGA Kota 223.8 23-08-1996
11 Aklera Parwan GANGA Jhalawar 312.5 24-09-1985
12 Sangod Parwan GANGA Kota 256.681 22-08-1996
13 Chittorgarh Gambhir GANGA Chittaurgarh 409.235 27-07-1992
14 Khatoli Parwati GANGA Kota 207.55 23-08-1996
15 Paderdibadi Mahi MAHI Dungarpur 149.65 19-08-2006
16 Anas PH-II Anas MAHI Banswara NA NA
17 Sohagpura Erau MAHI Pratapgarh NA NA
18 Khandiowari Jakham MAHI Udaipur NA NA
19 Dhariawad Jakham MAHI Udaipur NA 11-08-2001
20 Rangeli Som MAHI Dungarpur 160.86 19-08-2006
21 Amarpura Som MAHI Udaipur NA NA
22 Sei Dam Sei SABARMATI Udaipur NA NA
23 Abu Road Banas WFR of Kach Saur & Luni Sirohi 265.4 31-08-1973
24 Mount Abu Banas WFR of Kach Saur & Luni Sirohi NA NA
25 Swaroopganj NA NA Sirohi NA NA

List of Inflow Forecasting Sites in Rajasthan

SN Site River Basin District FRL MWL
1 Panchana Dam Chambal GANGA Karauli * NA NA
2 Bisalpur Dam Banas GANGA Tonk 315.5 NA
3 Gambhiri Dam Gambhir GANGA Chittaurgarh NA NA
4 Parwati Pick- up weir Parwati GANGA Baran NA NA
5 Kalisindh Dam Kalisind GANGA Jhalawar NA NA
6 Parwan pick-up Weir Parwan GANGA Jhalawar NA NA
7 Mahi Dam Mahi MAHI Banswara 281.5 281.5
8 Somkamla Amba Dam Som MAHI Dungarpur 212.5 NA

Madhya Pradesh

Overall there are 40 sites listed on CWC FF website in Madhya Pradesh comprising of 2 Level Forecasting, 35 Level Monitoring and 3 Inflow Forecasting sites. 3 of Level Monitoring sites namely Rajghat Dam, Nahargarh and Dumri are inactive. In addition to this HFL details and date is not mentioned for 5 sites with active hydrographs. Also, the FRL and MWL detail is not given for Gudha dam Inflow Forecast site. The hydrographs for most Inflow Forecast sites have incomplete information.

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Slideshow of hydrographs and screenshots of CWC sites which need correction in Madhya Pradesh. 

List of Level Forecast Sites in Madhya Pradesh

SN Site River Basin District WL DL HFL, M Date
1 Mandla Narmada NARMADA Mandla 437.2 437.8 439.405 15-07-1974
2 Hoshangabad Narmada NARMADA Hoshangabad 292.8 293.8 301.33 27-08-1972

List of Level Monitoring Sites in Madhya Pradesh

SN Site River Basin District HFL,M Date
1 Dindori Narmada NARMADA Mandla 669.64 23-08-1991
2 Manot Narmada NARMADA Mandla 459.65 18-08-1984
3 Barmanghat Narmada NARMADA Hoshangabad 331.32 30-08-1973
4 Sandia Narmada NARMADA Hoshangabad 318.55 NA
5 Mortakka Narmada NARMADA Khandwa 173.73 NA
6 Tawanagar Narmada NARMADA Hoshangabad NA NA
7 Barginagar Narmada NARMADA Jabalpur NA NA
8 Mohgaon Burhner NARMADA Mandla 467.3 08-08-2004
9 Mukki Banjar NARMADA Balaghat 97.14 01-09-1994
10 Keolari Wainganga GODAVARI Seoni 440.8 21-07-1994
11 Kumhari Wainganga GODAVARI Balaghat 305.5 21-07-1994
12 Balaghat Wainganga GODAVARI Balaghat 297.3 22-07-1994
13 Ramakona Kanhan GODAVARI Chhindwara 349.5 30-07-1991
14 Rajegaon Bagh GODAVARI Balaghat 285.015 23-07-2014
15 Mataji Mahi MAHI Ratlam 298.32 06-09-2006
16 Borwa Mahi MAHI Ratlam NA NA
17 BURHANPUR Tapi TAPI Khandwa 238.8 15-09-1988
18 Dhareri Chambal GANGA Ujjain 482.208 10-08-1979
19 Tal Chambal GANGA Ratlam 436.96 16-08-1986
20 A.B.Road X-ing Parwati GANGA Guna 403.0 23-08-1982
21 SEONDHA Sind GANGA Datia 141.73 24-07-1971
22 Ujjain Sipra GANGA Ujjain 483.81 10-08-1986
23 Mahidpur Sipra GANGA Ujjain 456.3 10-08-2006
24 Basoda Betwa GANGA Vidisha 404.22 27-07-1986
25 Rajghat Dam Betwa GANGA Ashoknagar NA NA
26 GARRAULI Dhasan GANGA Chhatarpur 210.5 10-09-1983
27 GAISABAD Bearma GANGA Damoh 309.085 30-08-1980
28 MADLA Ken GANGA Panna 184.26 13-09-1992
29 Sarangpur Kalisind GANGA Rajgarh 418.6 15-08-2006
30 GOVARDHEGHAT Sone GANGA Shahdol 358.8 10-09-2011
31 KULDAH BRIDGE Sone GANGA Sidhi 245.18 22-08-1975
32  SATNA Tons GANGA Satna 299.27 17-07-1980
33 JHOKU Gopad GANGA Sidhi 224.4 03-09-2003
34 Nahargarh Siwana GANGA Mandsaur NA NA
35 Tumri Retam GANGA Mandsaur NA NA

List of Inflow Forecast Sites in Madhya Pradesh

SN Site River Basin District FRL MWL
1 Gandhisagar Dam Chambal GANGA Mandsaur 399.9 401.0
2 Bansagar Dam Sone GANGA Shahdol 341.65 341.64
3 Gudha Dam Lakhundar GANGA Sajapur NA NA

GUJARAT

Gujarat has 7 Level Forecast, 19 Level Monitoring and 8 Inflow Forecasting sites. Out 7 Level Forecast sites, the Vapi site is repeated as Vapi Town also. But the HFL date of both sites is different.

Similarly out of 19 Level Monitoring sites HFL details and date information is incomplete for 10 sites. These sites have active hydrographs.

Among Inflow Forecast sites, Dantewada and Madhuban sites are repeated. The Dantewada site is listed twice on different rivers and in different basins. The FRL details is also not matching. The hydrographs for both Dantewada sites is inactive. The Madhuban site has also incomplete MWL detail and inactive hydrograph. The hydrographs for most Inflow Forecast sites have incomplete information.

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Screenshots and slideshow showing errors in CWC sites and hydrographs in Gujarat. 

List of Level Forecast Sites in Gujarat 

SN Site River Basin District WL DL HFL, M Date
1 Garudeshwar Narmada NARMADA Narmada 30.48 31.09 41.65 06-09-1970
2 Bharuch Narmada NARMADA Bharuch 6.705 7.315 12.65 06-09-1970
3 Subhash Bridge Sabarmati SABARMATI Ahmedabad 44.09 45.34 47.45 20-08-2006
4 Wanakbori Mahi MAHI Kheda 71.93 74.98 76.1 12-08-2006
5 Surat Tapi TAPI Surat 8.5 9.5 12.5 06-08-2006
6 VAPI Daman Ganga WFR South of Tapi Valsad 18.2 19.2 23.76 03-08-2004
7 Vapi Town Daman Ganga WFR South of Tapi Valsad 18.2 19.2 23.76 15-08-1976

List of Level Monitoring Sites in Gujarat 

SN Site River Basin District HFL, M Date
1 Vautha Sabarmati SABARMATI Ahmedabad 21.09 NA
2 Ratanpur Watrak SABARMATI Kheda 48.2 28-07-1997
3 Kheda Watrak SABARMATI Kheda 28.2 NA
4 Watrak Dam Watrak SABARMATI Sabarkantha NA NA
5 Harnav Weir Harnav SABARMATI Sabarkantha NA NA
6 Hathmati Weir Hathmati SABARMATI Sabarkantha NA NA
7 Raska Weir Meshwa SABARMATI Kheda NA NA
8 Khanpur Mahi MAHI Anand 28.27 NA
9 Chakaliya Anas MAHI Panchmahal 230.2 NA
10 GHALA Tapi TAPI Surat 20.96 08-08-2006
11 NANIPALSAN Daman Ganga WFR South of Tapi Valsad 110.03 03-08-2004
12 Sarotry Banas WFR of Kach Saur & Luni Banaskantha 194.31 01-09-1973
13 Kamalpur Banas WFR of Kach Saur & Luni Banaskantha 38.98 08-09-1992
14 Chitrasani Balaram WFR of Kach Saur & Luni Banaskantha 190.77 29-07-2015
15 Bhakudar Sipu WFR of Kach Saur & Luni Banaskantha 186.43 NA
16 Lowara Shetrunji WFR of Kach Saur & Luni Bhavnagar 66.93 09-11-1982
17 Ganod Bhadar WFR of Kach Saur & Luni Rajkot 34.1 22-06-1983
18 Gungan Machhu WFR of Kach Saur & Luni Rajkot 24.595 11-08-1979
19 Una Machhundri WFR of Kach Saur & Luni Amreli NA NA

List of Inflow Forecast Sites in Gujarat 

SN Site River Basin District FRL MWL
1 Dharoi Dam Dharoi Dam SABARMATI Mahesana 189.59 192.25
2 Dantiwada Dam Mahi INDUS Banaskantha 182.88 185.06
3 Dantiwada Dam Banas WFR of Kach Saur & Luni Banaskantha 184.1 185.06
4 Kadana Dam Mahi MAHI Mahisagar 127.71 127.71
5 Panam Dam Panam MAHI Panchmahal 121.41 NA
6 Ukai Dam Tapi TAPI Surat 105.156 105.539
7 Madhuban Dam Daman Ganga WFR South of Tapi Valsad 79.86 82.4
8 MADHUBAN DAM Daman Ganga WFR South of Tapi Valsad 79.86 NA

 MAHARASHTRA 

There are 67 sites in Maharashtra state including of 8 Level Forecast, 52 Level Monitoring and 7 Inflow Forecasting sites. Hydrographs for 1 Level Forecast and 2 Level Monitoring sites are inactive. The Palkhed Level Monitoring site has also no HFL detail. In addition to this, 9 more Level Forecasting site lacks HFL data though they have active hydrographs.

Bamni Balharsh and Balharsha Level Forecast sites are same. They have similar DL, WL, HFL details but HFL date is different. Hydrograph for Balharsha site is inactive. 4 Inflow Forecast sites also have incomplete FRL, MWL detail. The Warna dam Inflow Forecast site lacks FRL and MWL detail but the hydrograph is active. The hydrographs for most Inflow Forecast sites have incomplete information.

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Screenshots and hydrographs showing errors in CWC sites in Maharashtra. 

List of Level Forecast Sites in Maharashtra

SN Site Rive Basin District WL DL HFL, M Date
1 Kopergaon Godavari GODAVARI Ahmednagar 490.9 493.68 499.17 01-08-1969
2 Gangakhed W/L Station Godavari GODAVARI Parbhani 374.0 375.0 377.57 01-08-1947
3 Nanded Godavari GODAVARI Nanded 353.0 354.0 357.1 06-08-2006
4 Bhandara Wainganga GODAVARI Bhandra 244.0 244.5 250.9 16-09-2005
5 Pauni Wainganga GODAVARI Bhandra 226.73 227.73 237.115 07-09-1994
6 Balharsha Wardha GODAVARI Chandrapur 171.5 174.0 176.0 15-08-1986
7

Bamni (Balharsha)

Wardha GODAVARI Chandrapur 171.5 174.0 176.45 14-08-1986
8

Ajunwad (Seasonal)

Krishna KRISHNA Sangli 542.07 543.29 543.69 05-08-2005

List of Level Monitoring Sites in Maharashtra

SN Site River Basin District HFL, M Date
1 Nasik Godavari GODAVARI Nasik 560.81 22-09-2005
2 Dhalegaon Godavari GODAVARI Parbhani 400.005 13-08-2006
3 NMD-Weir Godavari GODAVARI Nasik 41.8 31-07-1976
4 G.R.BRIDGE Godavari GODAVARI Parbhani NA NA
5 Gangapur Dam (State Govt.) Godavari GODAVARI Parbhani NA NA
6 Kanhargaon Penganga GODAVARI Hingoli 478.035 06-08-2006
7 P.G. Bridge Penganga GODAVARI Yavathmal 217.98 07-08-2006
8 Mirdapalli Pranhita GODAVARI Gadchiroli 243.55 22-08-1990
9 Tekra Pranhita GODAVARI Gadchiroli 114.67 15-08-1986
10 Lasur Shivna GODAVARI Aurangabad 511.6 11-08-1998
11 Pachegaon Pravara GODAVARI Ahmednagar 478.0 07-08-2006
12 Mangrul Aran GODAVARI Yavathmal 290.385 26-08-2002
13 Hivra Wardha GODAVARI Wardha 248.41 12-07-1994
14 Ghugus Wardha GODAVARI Chandrapur 184.851 02-08-2013
15 Purrna Purna GODAVARI Parbhani 372.72 27-07-2005
16 Satrapur/K.R.Bridge Kanhan GODAVARI Nagpur 277.61 06-09-1994
17 Salebardi Chulband GODAVARI Bhandra 233.55 15-09-2005
18 Wairagarh Khobragarhi GODAVARI Gadchiroli 217.38 07-08-2007
19 Ashti Wainganga GODAVARI Gadchiroli 155.35 08-09-1994
20 Nandgaon Wunna GODAVARI Wardha 213.63 12-07-1994
21 Rajoli Mul GODAVARI Chandrapur 191.72 19-07-2000
22 Chikhali Bawanthadi GODAVARI Bhandra 7.0 15-08-2001
23 Dharna Dam (State Govt. Site) Darana GODAVARI Parbhani NA NA
24 Zari Dudhna GODAVARI Parbhani NA NA
25 Betmogra Maner GODAVARI Nanded NA NA
26 Degloor Lendi GODAVARI Nanded NA NA
27 Palkhed Kadwa GODAVARI Nasik NA NA
28 Karad Krishna KRISHNA Satara 567.162 07-06-1976
29 KURUNDWAD Krishna KRISHNA Kolhapur 539.76 05-08-2005
30 Dhond Bhima KRISHNA Pune 508.8 24-08-1997
31 Narsingpur Bhima KRISHNA Sholapur 462.163 05-08-1997
32 Wadakbal Bhima KRISHNA Sholapur 428.563 29-09-1989
33 Takli Bhima KRISHNA Sholapur 423.718 12-08-2006
34 Paragaon Bhima KRISHNA Pune NA NA
35 Phulgaon Bhima KRISHNA Pune NA NA
36 Warunji Koyna KRISHNA Satara 568.047 06-06-1976
37 Samdoli (Seasonal) Warna KRISHNA Sangli 546.324 05-08-2005
38 Terwad (Seasonal) Panchganga KRISHNA Kolhapur 540.39 05-08-2005
39 Sarati Nira KRISHNA Pune 476.788 02-08-1976
40 GOPALKHEDA Purna TAPI Akola 252.45 06-08-2015
41 YERLI Purna TAPI Buldhana 233.7 07-08-2006
42 GIDHADE Tapi TAPI Dhule 142.95 07-08-2006
43 SARANGKHEDA Tapi TAPI Dhule 127.08 08-08-2006
44 GIRNA DAM Girna Tapi Nashik NA NA
45 OZERKHEDA Wagh WFR South of Tapi Nashik 96.1 04-08-2004
46 Nagothane Savitri WFR South of Tapi Raigad 13.75 25-07-2005
47 Mahad Savitri WFR South of Tapi Raigad 11.93 25-07-2005
48 Badlapur Ulhas WFR South of Tapi Thane 26.162 25-07-2005
49 Pen Bhogeshwari WFR South of Tapi Raigad 17.0 16-07-1999
50 Mangaon Kal WFR South of Tapi Raigad 10.565 25-07-2005
51 Anjanari Kajvi WFR South of Tapi Ratnagiri NA NA
52 Belne Bridge Gad WFR South of Tapi Sindudurg NA NA

List of Inflow Forecast Sites in Maharashtra

SN Site River Sub Basin District FRL MWL
1 Jaikwadi Dam Godavari GODAVARI Aurangabad 463.91 465.5
2 Gosikhurd Dam Wainganga GODAVARI Bhandra 245.5 NA
3 Warna Dam Warna KRISHNA Kolhapur NA NA
4 Veer Dam Nira KRISHNA Pune 579.85 NA
5 Koyna Dam Koyna KRISHNA Satara 650.85 NA
6 Ujani Dam Bhima KRISHNA Sholapur 496.83 497.58
7 HATHNUR Tapi TAPI Jalgaon 214.0 214.01

GOA

There is no Level Forecast and Inflow Forecast sties in Goa. It only has 2 Level Monitoring sites. These 2 sites also lack HFL details and date. The hydrographs for both sites are active.

List of Level Monitoring Sites in Goa

SN Site River Sub Basin District HFL, M Date
1 Collem Khadepar WFR South of Tapi Margo NA NA
2 Ganjem Madai WFR South of Tapi North Goa NA NA

Summary

The 5 states of West India, namely Rajasthan (30), Gujarat (34), Madhya Pradesh (40), Maharashtra (67), Goa (2) thus have total  of 173 sites on CWC’s FF website. These are comprised of 17 Level Forecasting, 130 Level Monitoring and 26 Inflow Forecasting sites. Out of 173 sites, 11 sites including 2 Level Forecasting, 6 Level Monitoring and 3 Inflow Forecasting sites are inactive. Rajasthan state has no Level Forecasting Site. Goa state has not a single Level Forecasting and Inflow Forecasting site. HFL details and date is not provided for most of the sites in West India. Also the hydrographs for most of Inflow Forecasting sites are incomplete.  

Summary Table of Level and Inflow Forecast, Monitoring Sites in West India

States Level Forecast     Sites Level Monitoring Sites Inflow Forecast Sites Total
Active Inactive Active Inactive Active Inactive
Rajasthan 0 0 21 1 8 0 30
Madhya Pradesh 2 0 32 3 3 0 40
Gujarat 6 1 19 0 5 3 34
Maharashtra 7 1 50 2 7 0 67
Goa 0 0 2 0 0 0 2
Total 15 2 124 6 23 3 173

A SANDRP analysis (ht.sandrp@gmai.com)

End Notes:-

  1. The sites shown with RED color are inactive and the sites which have no WL, DL, HFL data but have active Hydro Graph are listed with GREEN color.
  2. Abbreviations List:

Warning Level – WL                                                                                                                                              

Danger Level – DL                                                                                                                                                        

Full Reservoir Level – FRL                                                                                                                                 

Maximum Water Level – MWL                                                                                                                                 

High Flood Level – HFL                                                                                                                                           

Meters – M

[i] http://india-water.gov.in/ffs/

[ii] https://sandrp.in/2018/08/03/overview-of-cwc-flood-forecasting-sites-north-india/

[iii] https://sandrp.in/2018/08/05/overview-of-cwcs-flood-monitoring-forecasting-in-north-east-india/ 

[iv] https://sandrp.in/2018/08/30/overview-of-cwc-flood-forecasting-sites-east-india/

[v] https://sandrp.in/2018/08/31/south-india-overview-of-cwc-flood-forecasting-sites/

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