Big Dams Ineffective & Destructive, Will Involved Villagers In Building Small Check Dams: CM Jharkhand On Oct 21 making an important statement during a meeting in Jharkhand CM Raghubar Das has said that State Government will not construct big dams and will go for smaller check dams. While addressing the Asanpahari villagers in naxal affected Kathi Kund, the CM also said that he was against big dams as they entail catastrophic and cascading impact on environment and local people. Admitting that big dams have not benefited the farmers, he criticized the former Congress Government for allowing construction of big dams.
The CM has also made another important announcement that villagers would be involved in the construction of smaller check dams to meet water need for irrigation. Announcing funding of 15 small water recharge ponds in every village, he also stated that villagers will be be financially assisted to develop their own plan for construction of check dams. He also urged villagers to produce electricity from Bio-Gas and use its by-product the sludge as manure in fields.
Jharkhand CM here is making an interesting CLEAR statement that big dams have not helped Jharkhand and they would prefer to go for smaller dams.
झारखंड में अब बनेगा छोटा डैम मुख्यमंत्री ने काठीकुंड के उग्रवाद प्रभावित गांव आसनपहाड़ी में विशेष ग्रामसभा में कहा कि सरकार राज्य में अब बड़े डैम नहीं , चेकडैम बनायेगी. सरकार बड़े डैमों की पक्षधर नहीं है. उन्होंने कहा कि कैसे बड़े बांध का बजट हनुमान की पूंछ की तरह बढ़ता जा रहा है. कई योजनाएं दशकों से अधर में हैं. सीएम ने कहा की बड़े डैमों से इस राज्य के किसानों को फायदा नहीं हुआ. कांग्रेस के राज में बड़े-बड़े डैम बने. गांव हमारा डूबा, लेकिन फायदा बंगाल को होता रहा. अब सिंचाई की जरूरत को देखते हुए गांव के लोग फैसला लेंगे. चैकडेम कहां बनेगा, यह गांव के ही लोग तय करेंगे. अपनी जरूरत के हिसाब से वे योजना बनायेंगे. इंजीनियर भी रांची का नहीं, इसी इलाके का होगा. सीएम ने कहा : इस इलाके में बरसात कम नहीं होती. सारा पानी बंगाल से होकर समुद्र में चला जाता है. बोरा बांध बना कर भी गांव में पानी रोका जा सकता है. उन्होंने हर गांव में 15-15 डोभा बनाये जाने की भी घोषणा की. कहा कि इसका पैसा भी सरकार देगी. सीएम ने कहा की गांवों में अब गोबर बैंक बनाये जायेंगे, जहां गांव भर से गोबर उठाया जायेगा. गोबर गैस प्लांट में बिजली पैदा की जायेगी, जिससे स्ट्रीट लाइट जलेगी और जो अपशिष्ट बचेगा, उससे जैविक खाद बनाया जायेगा. गोमूत्र का भी उपयोग खाद में किया जायेगा.
SANDRP Blog Amid repercussions, PM inaugurates 3 HEPs PM Modi, on Oct 18 has dedicated to nation 3 big hydro projects namely the 800 Mw Kol Dam, 520 Mw Parbati & 412Mw Rampur in Himachal. All these HEPs have been involved in several controversies right from the day of inception. These projects were given clearances in questionable manner and even have not gone through proper EIAs. The resultant impact on environment, Rivers, and local communities has been catastrophic. The projects have been facing prolong, unending protests & stiff resistance from locals. Here is a brief description of all three projects along with short description of damages they caused and community driven protest they have been facing. Also listen to a AIR discussion on hydro projects in India in view of the PM dedicating Himachal HEPs. The discussion included SANDRP coordinator and Kirtika Suneja of Economic Times. Please share your feedback and send it to others who may be interested.
It is worth mentioning that the first-ever Disaster Analysis & Management report compiled by the Himachal govt emphasises the high vulnerability of major parts of five districts of Kangra, Chamba, Hamirpur, Kullu and Mandi to earthquakes. The projects under discussion lie in the very districts mentioned in the report. It also points out that though the state is prone to many hazards, earthquakes can pose a serious challenge. Similarly, according the latest study confirms that there is accelerated glacial melting in all the river basins of Chenab, Ravi, Beas, Sutlej. The the number of lakes has gone up in all the basins. In the Sutlej basin the number has remained stagnant at 391 in last two years, but one cannot overlook the fact that the number of lakes in the Sutlej basin rose from a mere 38 in 1994 to 390 in 2015. Raising alarm bells on unabated hydro projects in Himalaya, one more report concludes that of the 177 hydro projects located close to Himalayan glaciers over a fifth including many in India could be under flood threat caused by the outbursts of glacial lakes, European researchers have warned. Most of the sampled hydropower projects are in the Indian Himalayan states of Himachal, Uttarakhand and Sikkim, and some in Nepal and Bhutan.
Meanwhile, several Himachal NGOs under the aegis of Himdhara & Himalaya Niti Abhiyaan have sought moratorium on dams, mega hydro power projects. Urging PM to announce a green development package for Himachal instead of special industrial package being sought by everyone, the organisations said such development projects have reported high negative impact on local eco system, environment, river system, forest, triggered landslides, increased erratic weather pattern and negatively impacted agriculture and horticulture.
On the contrary, there are news reports claiming that Govt of India may override environment concerns to pursue hydro projects in Himalayan region. The report quotes a senior water ministry official saying as “It has been realized that we have lost a lot of time in developing hydropower in the northeast. We need to move fast to establish our right on water from rivers like Brahmaputra that are coming from China. There are some genuine environmental concerns but they are not more important than our country’s strategic concerns. This is the time to take hard decisions. Indeed, Himalayan rivers have also become the new flash point in the bitter India-Pakistan conflict, providing the latest diplomatic weapon in PM Modi’s push to isolate Islamabad.
Himachal Returning Power to People The Kashang project is just one of many in Kinnaur which has led to the landscape being torn apart pieces of its hollowed mountains, sliding, cracking and quaking every other day. Little wonder that the people of the region welcomed the NGT judgment. For a people, who have paid the cost of this “development”, without ever being considered as “decision makers” in the process of planning and impact assessment, the NGT judgment validated their connection with their landscape and culture. A report by Himadhara.
J&K Examining hydro projects economy of the State The author of this piece could have calculated the power generated by all existing hydropower projects in the state (irrespective of ownership) and asked why this power should not be made available to the people of the state?
SANDRP Blog Do we care for river dolphins or their habitat? Nachiket Kelkar, in a Guest blog for SANDRP discusses the statement of Union Water Resources Minister Sushri Uma Bharti about Ganga Dolphins turning blind due to pollution.
GANGA NGT No one knows how many drains pollute Ganga The observation came after the CPCB told the NGT that there were 30 main drains which joined Ganga or its main tributaries like East Kali, Kosi and Ramganga falling in the segment from Haridwar and Unnao. However, UP Pollution Control Board claimed there were 172 drains, of which 150 directly joined Ganga and its tributaries. According to UP Jal Nigam, there were 172 drains out of which 83 terminated in the Ganga. The tribunal has asked MoEF, CPCB, UP state pollution board & Jal Nigam to clarify their stand on zero liquid discharge, online monitoring of effluents and discharge of waste in drains by industries releasing contaminants in Ganga. The Green Tribunal also has rapped UP govt for wasting crores of rupees of public money on Ganga rejuvenation & restrained it from spending on any major project except maintenance work on the stretch from Haridwar to Kanpur. UP govt had told the NGT that as per estimates, at present 1382.36 MLD sewage is generated and only 300 MLD get treated in treatment plants. The UP Pollution Control Board on Oct 20 informed the Green Tribunal that a “flood” of multi-storeyed buildings have been constructed on the floodplains of Ganga and Yamuna over the years without devising any mechanism for waste disposal. It also told that floodplains have been encroached upon in Delhi, Noida and Greater Noida to build apartments and housing societies. Local authorities take money and grant them permission to discharge all the waste into the sewer lines. The court was also informed by advocates that there were almost lakh industries between Haridwar & Kanpur segment. However, according to CPCB there are only 1072 industries. The bench also asked it to file details about the existing STP and CETP and inform whether they were functional or not and also state whether they were capable of treating various pollutants, sewage and bacteria. According to a news report, mining on Ganga River bed in Uttarakhand continues, with approval from both centre and state govt. Meanwhile, there is news that Sonipat administration will inquire into the complaints of diversion of the Yamuna waters allegedly by two mining contractors near Tikola village in the district. A case has also been registered at the Murthal police station in this regard.
Karnataka Villagers caution authorities over Malprabha pollution The releasing of sewage water to the Malaprabha river by Khanapur town panchayat authorities has been creating health related problems to the people in lower riparian villages. Irked with the problem, villagers have cautioned of locking town panchayat office if the releasing of effluent to river not stopped immediately.
Also see Protecting 6 rivers by S. Vishwanath Protecting the ecology and the environment of the ranges will protect the rivers and fresh water. This will also help an orderly development of the place in a sustainable fashion. Unless an institution is created and armed with powers to manage this sensitive area we will see the gradual demise of a culture centered around water and the death of six rivers. The time to act is now and that would be water wisdom.
Gujarat NHRC issues notices to govt over complaints of pollution The commission reacted to a complaint filed by Paryavaran Mitra, an NGO, pivotal in enforcing, environmental public hearing mandatory in the state. The commission has asked the state govt to file a reply within four weeks. The complaint submitted a CAG reports of 2015 and 2011 regarding Gujarat’s status of Common Effluent Treatment Plant (CETP). The reports stated that “None of the CETPs in Gujarat discharged their effluents as per the prescribed norms by the GPCB and wide variations were also noticed in the performance of CETPs.” Will NHRC do anything significant? Very doubtful, considering past examples, but helps highlight the issue.
Maharashtra Solapur holds key to water-stressed Marathwada The patchy soil and water conservation efforts of the govt seem to have learnt nothing from the exemplary measures undertaken in Solapur district. Great to see this public appreciation for dynamic and innovative efforts by Tukaram Mundhe and his team in Solapur during 2015-16 drought.
Kerala Attappady in firm grip of drought This region in Palakkad has recorded 90% deficit rain in southwest monsoon. According meteorologists the area would not receive much rain even during the ensuing northwest monsoon. The perennial rivers Bhavani & Siruvani are a trickle now, much ahead of the summer months. The Kodukarampallam river has dried up. The heat wave has affected the cultivation of pulses & millets in Mulli, Kottathara, Sholayoor and Kadampara. Most tribal settlements face acute scarcity of drinking water. Most wells in eastern Attappady had turned dry. In others, the water level had depleted alarmingly. Palakkad district in Kerala, even with over 1000 mm of rainfall in monsoon, though with a deficit of huge 34%, is in grip of drought like situation with fast depleting dam stroages.
Odisha Drought manifests in 5 districts The specter of drought is looming over Deogarh, Sambalpur, Sonepur, Jharsuguda and Bolangir as these districts have received the less than average rainfall in the monsoon. In Bolangir district, paddy fields are wilting due to lack of water. A drought-like situation is already a reality in areas like Tureikela, Bangomunda, Muribahal, Saintala amongst others in Titlagarh subdivision of Bolangir district which have received less than 27% of the normal rainfall.
Andhra Worst ever drought hits AP Even though cumulative rainfall from June 1 to October 19 deviated 17 per cent from the actual rainfall, which is considered normal, the number is likely to be higher than last year’s 359 mandals. While more than 500 mandals faced a drought-like situation till September, heavy rainfall in the second and third weeks, which resulted in flooding, brought down the number to 300-310. According to this report, Andhra is facing worst drought, worse than the last year. Some 370 mandals facing drought, but state is yet to declare drought.
Maharashtra Tadoba tigers under threat from Human dam project Conservationists have questioned the need for Human project after 33 years, especially when 20-22 major and minor irrigation projects like Gosikhurd, Ghodazari, Asolamendha and Nalleshwar have come up in Chandrapur district. Besides, the district has taken a lead in Jalyukt Shivar for which 41 cr have been approved. Another unjustified DAM threatens Another Tiger Reserve, this time is Human Dam in Wainganga-Godavari basin in Chandrapur district, threatening the Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve, hanging for 33 years thanks to contractor driven politicians-Engineer-bureaucrat lobby. The project will again be discussed at Maharashtra State Board of Wildlife on Oct 26, but basic documents are still not available to SBWL members.
MP Damning report on rehabilitation A massive scam involving the distribution of compensation to fake beneficiaries in MP is likely to crush the BJP’s hope of making political capital from the completion of the construction of the Sardar Sarovar Dam in Gujarat by Dec 2016.The compensation was meant for those who will be displaced when the dam’s height is raised. Gujarat’s chances of getting permission from the Supreme Court and Narmada Control Authority (NCA) to close the erected gates to store more water now appear bleak given that MP’s poor rehabilitation record has been completely exposed by a judicial inquiry. It is also strange that Gujarat minister is not bothered about the injustice to the affected people or the corruption and waste of public resources, he is only interested in getting permission to fill up the reservoir. Meanwhile Congress on Oct 19 alleged that the BJP govt in MP is in the thick of a “scam of monumental proportions” in the resettlement and rehabilitation of the oustees of the Sardar Sarovar project on the Narmada. It further said that PM Modi & the Gujarat BJP govt were compromising the interests of the people of Gujarat to save Shivraj Singh Chouhan’s BJP government in MP from the fallout of the resettlement and rehabilitation (R and R) scam there. Quoting the Justice Shravan Shankar Jha commission report, the party claimed that the funds meant for relief and rehabilitation of more than 40,000 families affected by the Sardar Sarovar project had been misappropriated.
INTER-STATE WATER DISPUTES
Krishna Row No relook into allocation of water: Tribunal The tribunal pronounced its judgement on the litigation prompted by AP and TS arguing that Section 89 in the AP Reorganisation Act meant redistribution of Krishna water among all the four riparian States not just between them at New Delhi on Oct 19. In its verdict, the tribunal said Section 89 was not applicable to all four States but meant only for TS and AP. Further, it has asked TS and AP to come before it on December 14 with claims on sharing of water between the two out of the allocation made for combined AP by the tribunal already.
Karnataka State faces water dispute issue with six states While water shortages and the need for drinking water and widening the area under irrigation are real concerns for Karnataka, the issues have been largely politicised and have become feeding trough for political parties in the basin regions, depending on which party is ruling and which is not in the respective states and the Centre. Karnataka has just gone through over a month long crisis over sharing the Cauvery waters with Tamil Nadu and Puducherry after the south-west monsoon in the state failed this year. Goa, where the Mahadayi is known as the Mandovi and is a lifeline for the state, has opposed this demand, citing ecological damage to the river. On the Krishna front, the new stat of Telangana asked for an additional 100 thousand million cubic feet (tmcft) of water for new irrigation projects.
INTER-LINKING OF RIVERS
KBL Getting clearances for Ken-Betwa will not be difficult: Uma The Water Resources Minister keeps making pre-emptive statements about environment clearance to Ken Betwa link project, even talks about reconstitution of Expert Appraisal Committee, which provides a hint about what is the objective of EAC reconstitution.
Bihar State seeks Rs 4000 cr from Centre in flood damages At least 88 lakh people in 31 districts across the state were affected and 254 were killed, adding that 3.65 lakh hectares of land were submerged, causing extensive damage to crops. Out of the 31 flood-affected districts, 12 districts including Patna, Begusarai and Bhagalpur felt the maximum impact of the furious Ganga. The Ganga, which rose to a record level of 50.50 metres at Patna, over topped its banks at many points. The state had demanded Rs 14,846 crore when the Kosi embankment at Kusaha in Nepal had breached in 2008, causing untold miseries in all north Bihar districts and killing over 350 people. The then UPA government at the Centre had conceded a grant of Rs 1,000 crore.
Chhattisgarh Villagers protest against irrigation project Villagers have come out in protest against the Gagar irrigation project in Chhattisgarh’s Balrampur district. The villagers said the special gram sabha convened for the project in different villages had refused the plan. Despite the protest, the district administration is allegedly planning to forcefully acquire the land for the project. Under the banner of Chhattisgarh Kisan Sabha and Adivasi Ekta Mahasabha, the villagers marched out a rally in Ambikapur, the divisional headquarters of Sarguja. A memorandum was given to the district authorities. The officials however did not comment on the development.
Centre Water ministry released ABIP first installment Union Water Ministry on Oct 21 announced to release of first installment of Rs. 1500 crore to the states as central assistance for 99 prioritized irrigation projects under Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Program (AIBP). This amount has been released for 50 projects in the states of Gujarat, Karnataka, MP, Maharashtra, Manipur, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan and Telangana.
Massive irregularities in Jharkhand irrigation projects According to this Oct 20 news report from Prabhat Khabar there has been scams, delays and irregularities of monumental scale in several irrigation project in the State.
Maharashtra Drought-stricken farmers plant thirstiest crop Without govt intervention to reset the revenue balance in favour of other crops, experts warn the sustained production of sugar cane will further deplete scarce water resources and leave the region prone to droughts. This could create social unrest stemming from the widening income gap between cane growers and other farmers. Govt hopes higher subsidies for pulses and oilseeds will change farming patterns. But industry critics said the pulse and oilseed MSP only exists on paper as the government never procures them aggressively like wheat or rice. Story explains why farmers prefer growing thirstiest crop in drought affected region & its implications.
On the other hand, despite satisfactory rainfall this monsoon, farmer suicides have not gone down in the State. As many as 2307 farmers have killed themselves till now, in 2016. The number is 45 more than number of suicides reported during the corresponding period in 2015. The suicide rate this year has been much higher than that in 2012, 2013 and 2014 the years of acute water scarcity. 1473, 1296 & 1981 farmers committed suicide in these years, respectively. 2015 had witnessed highest ever suicides – 3228.
There is one big article which initially seems to give an impression of a revolution happening in agriculture marketing in Maharashtra. The changes are indeed significant and it has all the seeds of a revolution, but so far the reformed markets outside APMC cater to only about 2% of agri market share, which shows that a lot more would need to be done before that potential becomes a reality. Pune, it seems at the hub of farmer-consumer market for vegetables and fruits, may be some Pune friends can throw more light.
Meanwhile, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare in its latest publication titled State of Indian Agriculture (2015-2016) seeks to present analysis of the recent growth and performance of the agriculture and allied sectors and also to analyze the major emerging challenges.
Tamil Nadu Villagers protest against mining proposal in Kollidam river A group of people from two villages in Lalgudi taluk came to the district collectorate in Trichy to submitting a memorandum opposing the proposed commencement of sand quarry in Kollidam river here on Monday. They alleged that illegal mining in Kollidam river upto 40 feet has affected their cultivation owing to depleting ground water table. They cautioned that it would become a threat for the newly constructed Trichy-Thanjavur bridge across Kollidam, if the govt permitted sand mining further.
WETLANDS & WATER BODIES
J&K Fesh algae boom threatens Dal lake The single most cause of the Dal’s deterioration over the years is the blocking of its natural drainage system as a result of the filling in of the Nallah Mar in the 1970s. The stream which passed through downtown Srinagar was fed by Dal and helped in the circulation of the lake’s water. Loss of Nallah Mar choked Dal. The process of relocating Dal dwellers has been exceedingly slow. Despite all these measures, Dal is showing fewer signs of being on the road to recovering its old glory. The resurfacing of red algae has come as a reminder that something somewhere is seriously amiss.
Industry Renewable energy firms worry about back-down by power discoms No PPAs are getting signed, signed PPAs are not being honoured, renewables are asked to back down, all negative signs for solar and wind developers, this affects even big players like Tata and Adani, among others. How will the advocacy for brining big hydro help in this scene? The scene is only going to further worsen in days to come.
REST OF THE WORLD
Vietnam Dam made floooding worse Local officials are blaming the operators of the Ho Ho Hydroelectric Plant for making the deadly flooding in Vietnam’s Ha Tinh Province worse by suddenly releasing water held back by the dam. Flooding in Vietnam is being blamed for killing at least 25 people and destroying thousands of homes, as the country braced for even further destruction with typhoon Sarika closing in on the country. Sudden release of large quantity of water without information in the downstream area when the downstream areas were facing floods leads to avoidable destruction. Hope the investigation leads to truth.
National India headed for coal power overcapacity Despite its proactive stance on climate action, India continues to invest in increasing electricity capacity fired by coal, much of which may never be used, says a new report, but some experts disagree. This article rightly says that India is heading towards unnecessary building of thermal power plants at such huge costs and impacts. On the other hand according Crisil, nearly Rs 1.34 lakh crore worth of debt on operational and under-construction power projects is at risk. Unnecessary and unproductive investments in power sector means increased NPAs (Non Performing assets), decreased credits and high risk debts. This can be easily avoided with wiser decisions, and not running after large hydro or coal power. Also see, Turning India’s surplus power into a boon This report suggests ways to increase electricity consumption in India! However, the author seems quite well informed.