In the middle of monsoon season, authorities have fixed August 7, 11 and 17 as public hearing dates for the Pancheshwar Dam project, a giant dam on Mahakali river at India Nepal border. The proposed dam will submerge 134 villages in Pithoragarh, Champawat and Almora districts. http://www.tribuneindia.com/news/uttarakhand/public-hearing-dates-for-land-fixed/437736.html
The public hearing is happening, when media news reports have widely revealed that villagers have not been informed properly. Many to be affected villagers have even said that they have no information regarding the public hearing. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/dehradun/ngo-seeks-postpone-of-pancheshwar-dam-hearing/articleshow/59727412.cms Social media reports, too have disclosed that the state govt has disseminated no relevant information regarding Pancheshwar dam public hearing. https://www.facebook.com/pg/dev1bhoomi/posts/?ref=page_internal
The Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) of the project is incomplete and not shared with villagers in affected area in local language. On the contrary the environment ministry has waived off the requirement of a joint mechanism to assess its environmental impact. https://www.masterbuilder.co.in/india-nepal-pancheshwar-project-assessment-guidelines-now-eased/
The public hearing place is far away from the dam site making the public hearing site unreachable for many concerned villagers. It is worth to mention that its monsoon season, the region in landslide affected, several roads are blocked and it’s not possible for the most of the concerned villagers to reach the hearing venue.
Local people, regional parties, individuals and civil societies groups have been raising concerns on the disastrous impact of second highest dam project of the world. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/dehradun/pancheshwar-dam-spells-doom-for-locals-of-130-villages-who-fear-tehri-re-run/articleshow/57561939.cms
Experts’ demand of postponing the meaningless is right. In a democratic system, the concerned authorities must hear the public voices. It is their responsibilities to share all the relevant information in public domain beforehand, conduct the public hearing in each and every dam affected districts instead of just one place. The present weather conditions are not favorable for the public hearing at all and it must be postponed. http://matuganga.blogspot.com/2017/07/23-8-2017.html
Its also beyond understanding that why such a unviable, high impact, risky project is being pushed in a seismically active region is a multi billion rupee question. http://www.firstpost.com/india/pancheswar-dam-uttarakhand-makes-steady-progress-project-to-generate-employment-power-irrigation-3837837.html
Himachal Pradesh Lahaul-Spiti people condemn Jispa dam, demand eco tourism During a public hearing held on July 17, 2017, regarding 300 mw Jispa hydro project, local people of Jispa village have severely criticized the project making it clear that they would not allow the project. Agitated people also forced the officials to leave the meeting without any outcome. It is worth to mention that since 2009, people of Todh valley in Lahaul-Spiti district are opposing the Jispa Dam project proposed over Bhaga river, a tributary of Chenab, at Jispa village. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/shimla/jispa-dam-locals-demand-eco-tourism-not-hydel-project/articleshow/59665492.cms
As per, Rigzin Samphel Hayerpa, Convener of Jispa Baandh Jan Sangarsh Samiti (JBJSS), hundreds of residents of the affected villages had made it clear to the officials that they would not allow the valley to be ruined in the name of development. He added that merely on the ground that the project was of national importance, destruction of fragile ecology could not be allowed.
Zila parishad member from Kwaring Chhime Lhamo said the state government wanted to construct the dam against the wishes of the local people. She said that from the start the people were against the project but the government was not scrapping it. She also said that development at the cost of destruction cannot be allowed. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/shimla/meeting-over-jispa-dam-yields-no-result/articleshow/59657026.cms
National There is very interesting discussion with Union Power Minister, which clearly shows that Hydro is no longer viable even with all the additional subsidies the govt is considering. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YaGujdFCwCA&sns=em
Uttar Pradesh In digital era, irrigation department relies on Harkara to sound flood alert This report shows how seriously concerned department are dealing with the floods. As per the report, while Mirzapur, Sonebhadra and Chandauli districts were battling floods due to heavy rain, the report of flash flood took a day or two to reach the divisional or state headquarters of the irrigation department. The reason is very surprising that even in ‘Digital India’, the department relies on ‘Harkara’, a runner who personally delivers official letters, for official correspondence. TRUELY SHOCKING STATE OF AFFAIRS: UP IRRIGATION DEPT USES RUNNERS TO CONVEY FLOOD ALERTS.
Assam Flood NEEPCO responsible mis-operation of Ranganadi dam and creating flood disaster The sudden release of water from the Ranganadi Hydroelectric project at Yazali in Arunachal Pradesh left a trail of destruction, particularly in the districts of Lakhimpur and Majuli in Assam. Given the surge of water from its tributary — the Ranganadi river — the already swollen Brahmaputra hit Majuli mercilessly.
The breach at Dhonarighat embankment at Selek towards Lakhimpur shocked everyone, more so because it was considered to be a safe zone. This happened because of the force of water. Lower Majuli was affected because of the water’s fiery pace.
As per Majuli Island Protection and Development Council (MIPADC) secretary Bharat Saikia, this was a repeat of what happened in 2008. He alleged that the top brass of NEEPCO was never taken to task for that. The power company should have been compelled to follow protocol before releasing such huge amounts of water but no one seems concerned about the people of Assam.
Majuli deputy commissioner Pallav Gopal Jha also stated that the water level increased suddenly due to man-made reasons. He also told that the particular flood could have been better managed if they had more time to respond instead they were caught unawares.
Saikia also revealed that Subansiri is a far bigger tributary of the Brahmaputra than the Ranganadi and there will be nine dams in total on the Subansiri. He feared that if the gates (of controversial under construction 2000 MW Lower Subansiri HEP of NHPC) are opened, the water will hit Majuli at the centre of the island, near Jengraimukh, causing a 30-metre hydro jump. It will pass over the entire island, and Majuli will cease to exist within minutes. As per Saikia, they had seen what 1,600 cubic centimetres (CCs) of water could do when released from the Ranganadi dam instead of the maximum permitted 1,200 CC.
This report shows why NEEPCO (North Eastern Electric Power Corporation Limited) needs to be held accountable for mis-operation of Ranganadi dam and creating flood. http://www.firstpost.com/india/assam-floods-subansiri-dam-in-arunachal-pradesh-is-apocalypse-in-the-making-for-majuli-island-3808865.html
Following the man-made floods, the AASU also has protested against the NEEPCO’s Ranganadi HEP dam as it has more than proved to be a water bomb for Lakhimpur. The State general secretary of AASU Lurin Gogoi attended the demonstration and called for the closure of the Ranganadi dam for the collective safety of the people of Lakhimpur district. http://www.assamtribune.com/scripts/detailsnew.asp?id=jul1817/state050
Meanwhile referring to the National Flood Commission of India, an informative op-ed in Indian express has written that about 40 per cent of the Assam’s area is flood-prone. But human-made factors have compounded this annual problem. This year, the Ranganadi, Dikting and Singra — tributaries of the Brahmaputra — swelled up after the NEEPCO opened up its dams to release water from the Ranganadi dam.
Questioning the purpose of embankments the report has highlighted that while the state’s disaster management authority has correctly identified the geological instability caused by deforestation, Assam’s water resource department continues to harp on the discredited system of embankments.
It further revealed that the state’s embankments walls to hold river water from spilling were built according to recommendations made in 1954 by the Rashtriya Barh Ayog. Floods in the past six decades have shown that when the Brahmaputra swells up during the monsoons, it puts pressure on the embankments, causing breaches.
As per the op-ed, this year, eight embankments in the state have been damaged. Moreover, academic and government studies have shown that the Brahmaputra changes course frequently and it’s virtually impossible to contain the river within the embankments. http://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/way-of-the-river-assam-floods-4753663/
According to Himanshu Thakkar coordinator of SANDRP the topography of Assam and meteorological factor (high rainfall) are the obvious reason behind Assam floods every year. He further said that Brahmaputra is the largest water carrying river of India and the second-largest silt carrying river in the world. He felt that the way we have been dealing with rivers is further accentuating the disaster faced by the region. As per SANDRP the dams that are being built are further creating disasters and the wetlands forests and local water bodies are being systematically destroyed which in turn is adding to the disaster vulnerability of the area. http://www.livemint.com/Politics/JEGERRSFHOVCAm86Pd1tnL/Why-Assam-faces-floods-every-year.html
Another report has described that floods are not a disaster in itself but are made a disaster in certain circumstances. Floods help agriculture by raising soil fertility through silt. We need to be prepared in areas prone to floods. We should also have a proper flood warning system. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/rain-surge-likely-this-week-floods-feared/articleshow/59657704.cms
Comparing the flood forcasting systems of Nepal and Bangladesh, Himanshu Thakkar also disclosed that the CWC flood forecasting website does not provide three-day, or five-day or ten-day forecasts. According to him, this is in contrast with the flood forecasting done by Bangladesh because the website provides water level data for each site in the country in one place and it is fast, more responsive and user friendly. Besides, on the CWC site, there is no option of keeping a record of previous forecasts. All the forecasting data available in the CWC website is available in English and not even in Hindi.
He also stated that even the Nepal Hydrology and meteorology website gives you much more data than our CWC website. It has a map which gives you the situation at any given point of time. https://www.nationalheraldindia.com/national/our-flood-data-helps-dhaka-prepare-yet-ne-india-sinks-under-water
Meanwhile, NEEPCO has given provides usual, unconvincing defence of the flood disaster due to mis operation of Ranganadi Dam. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/shillong/north-eastern-electric-power-corporation-no-hand-in-floods/articleshow/59663962.cms
It is also shocking indeed the CM has expressed surprise knowing that a hydro project of mega magnitude was implemented and commissioned in the state without signing any MoU and is running for more than 15 years ! The only legal (and official) document available on its inception and existence is a ‘Minutes of the Meeting’ held under the then CM Gegong Apang and signed by the then Chief Secretary Matin Dai and then Chairman & MD of NEEPCO S N Phukan on 28 August, 1990, that allowed implementation of the project with certain conditions for development and welfare of the local people and affected villages. http://www.theshillongtimes.com/2017/07/20/khandu-grants-succor-to-neepco-project-affected-villagers/
Polavaram Dam Telangana moved SC against Polavaram Telangana rightly fears that increased backwater impact of the project could submerge about 100 additional villages of Telangana. There has been NO credible backwater impact study either for the old or the latest flood flow data. It has rightly asked for fresh EIA. It is good to see Telangana moving Supreme Court against Andhra Pradesh on Polavaram project, but will SC listen? So far it has remained mute spectator of the illegalities that keep getting committed about this project when petitions are pending before the SC. http://www.newindianexpress.com/states/telangana/2017/jul/20/polavaram-telangana-government-moves-sc-for-fresh-impact-study-1631068.html
Meanwhile, in response to SC notices, a counter affidavit has been filed by the Chief Engineer of Inter-State Water Resources wing of the Irrigation department on behalf of the State government. The case was filed by an NGO in Feb. 2017 this year on the adverse impact of the project on tribal communities.
The Telangana govt has also submitted to the SC that fresh impact assessment study as per the EIA of 2006 since the CWC has revised probable maximum flood (PMF) at the Polavaram reservoir site as 50 lakh cusecs as against 36 lakh cusecs estimated at the time of preparation of the detailed project report for seeking the clearances.
The fresh appraisal is desired to ascertain the adverse impacts on the environment, forest, biodiversity, wildlife apart from the people in over 100 villages of Bhadrachalam, Dummugudem, Cherla, Vazedu, Venkatapuram, Burgampahad, Manuguru, Ashwapuram and Pinapaka mandals. This is beyond understanding that why such an unviable, high impact, risky project is being pushed in a seismically active region is a multi billion rupee question. http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/telangana/ts-urges-sc-to-tell-polavaram-authority-to-conduct-fresh-eia/article19310511.ece
INTERLINKING OF RIVERS
Ken Betwa Link Project No agreement between UP and MP govt so far As per report, the status of the project was reviewed at a high level meeting on July 4, 2017 with top officials of both the state govts where the MP govt proposed that the Kotha barrage, Bina complex and Lower Orr Dam be included in the project. While the Lower Orr project is under examination of the CWC, the Detailed Project Report of Bina Complex is under appraisal of the CWC and the DPR of Kotha barrage has been submitted to the CWC.
These dams would affect the initial allocation of water between the two states as per the 2005 agreement. It was therefore decided that both the state governments should work out an agreement on mutual water sharing to take the link. The Ken Betwa Project cannot go ahead without an implementation agreement between MP and UP, as we have been saying for long. http://www.financialexpress.com/india-news/uttar-pradesh-madhya-pradesh-governments-should-work-out-pact-of-water-sharing-to-take-ken-betwa-river-link-project-forward-says-uma-bharti/771207/
The report also revealed that Shivraj Singh Chouhan govt in Bhopal is learnt to have told the Centre that it would not allow work to begin if the showpiece project was not modified to include three smaller water management projects that the state wants to develop.
Meanwhile comparing to the PTI news above, this report in Indian Express clearly shows the bias of the reporter, it seems reporter is unhappy that the Ken Betwa work won’t be able to start, when it does not have env or forest clearance or agreement with UP. http://indianexpress.com/article/india/ken-betwa-project-faces-fresh-hurdle-this-time-from-mp-govt-4760305/
Another media, report with some inaccuracies, provides some more information on the issue. Quoting, a senior official of the Water Resources Ministry it says that the problem started when Chouhan demanded that the ministry combine the two phases and implements the same funding pattern. The unofficial further revealed that this was denied by the water ministry as the second phase deals with industrial areas in Madhya Pradesh. Special funding was done for Phase I as it is a drought-prone area and besides, it would delay the project as second phase projects have to seek all required clearances. The water ministry’s denial in turn irked Chouhan, who informed the PMO that the state doesn’t agree to the ministry’s provisions and thus cannot provide no-objection certificate if implemented in present form. http://www.newindianexpress.com/thesundaystandard/2017/jul/22/shivraj-uma-link-fails-before-river-interlinking-1632224–1.html
Amid this, it is so surprising to see that Uma Bharati, honorable water resources minister has told the Parliament about Ken Betwa link that “all clearances for phase one are over”. Where as the fact is Env Clearance letter is not issues, final forest clearance is yet to come, the CEC is examining the Wildlife clearance and the project parameters have undergone change, requiring fresh EIA and Appraisal. And now when MP made it clear in July 4 meeting that they want three other projects to be clubbed with Phase I of KBLP. Those projects are far from ready for clearances. The minister has also made a shocking statement in the house that the 7,000 households are happy to leave their homes,” for larger benefits. http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/news/national/phase-1-of-kenbetwa-river-link-project-gets-all-clearances/article9781741.ece
RIVERS AS NATIONAL WATERWAYS
Centre IWAI failed to raise fund, given more perks The Cabinet on July 18, 2017 approved permission to the Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) to raise Rs 660 crore through bonds in the current fiscal for development and maintenance of national waterways. Last year, the authority was allowed to issue infrastructure bonds worth Rs 1,000 crore for the first time. However, it could raise only Rs 340 crore. http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/cabinet-okays-iwai-raising-rs-660-cr-through-bonds-this-fiscal/1/1006249.html
The permission has been given because the budgetary and external financial support for funding development and maintenance of 106 new national waterways is grossly inadequate, it said. According to the government, the investment to be undertaken for development of national waterways on identified projects in 2017-18 is estimated to be approximately Rs 2,412.50 crore. The World Bank has sanctioned a loan of USD 375 million for Jal Marg Vikas Project (JMVP) on April 12, 2017. http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=168680
National New threats on our rivers As per this informative report, the dominant way, of looking at water and rivers, of managing them, has been continuously challenged by affected communities, social and environmental activists, and by those working for sustainable and equitable development. Over the last many decades, this has evolved into an alternative paradigm of looking at water, a paradigm that talks about meeting the needs of all humans, not just a dominant section, at the same time also ensuring water for the needs of non-humans, and doing this in a manner that preserves, conserves and restores natural water bodies, and respects the multiple roles played by water. http://www.ecologise.in/2017/07/11/sabarmati-riverfront-inland-waterways-mahanadi-dispute-newer-forms-onslaught-rivers/
Andhra Pradesh CM’s residence on Krishna river bank ‘illegal’ Former Information Commissioner P. Vijaya Babu has revealed that CM Chandra Babu Naidu residence on Krishana river bank was in violation of rules. He also stated that govt officials were aware of this and severa other encroachments but doing nothing. Demanding removal of encroachments, he said that the CM could not get away by releasing a Govt Order, as they could not amend the Constitution and the law. If CM can violate the rivers like this and get away with it, where is the hope for the rivers. http://www.thenewsminute.com/article/andhra-cm-naidus-residence-near-krishna-river-illegal-says-states-former-rti-chief-65343
NARMADA Report 22 crores wasted on Narmada event pubilicy So the govt spent Rs 22 crores on advertisements in the media for the fraudulent Naramda Sewa yatra, when the govt is doing fraud on its own people being displaced and destroyed by the Sardar Sarovar Dam. Strangely, neither media, nor judiciary seems to be doing anything to stop this illegality. http://samachar4media.com/namami-devi-narmade-seva-yatra-advertised-in-new-york-newspaper
Maharashtra Diving to death Uneven depths in creeks and rivers caused by illegal sand mining can spark currents and whirlpools, posing a danger not just to miners but anyone using the rivers, with multiple drownings across India blamed on the black market for sand. This shows how sand miners are dying in Mumbai, Thane, Palghar and surrounding areas while diving into polluted waters. http://news.trust.org/shorthand/drowning-for-sand/
Uttar Pradesh Allahabad villagers revive old ponds with Sharmdan Dead ancient ponds in more than a dozen villages including Sonvarsa, Juhi and Ramgarh are now filled with rainwater in the hilly terrain of Shankargarh, thanks to the shram-daan (voluntary service) of the villagers who worked tirelessly to achieve this result under the banner of Jal Jan Vikas Abhiyan. As per report more than two dozen big ponds in Sonvarsa, Juhi, Chanaura, Bal Kushun, Derva, Gaura, etc in Allahabad and Pratapgarh districts are filled with rainwater. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/allahabad/villagers-hard-work-makes-ponds-brim-with-hope/articleshow/59643701.cms
Tamil Nadu NABARD maps water resources of village 404 panchayats Nabard has got water resources map and plan of 404 village panchayats of Tirucherapalli district. State govt has allotted Rs 300 crore for carrying out repairs and rehabilitation work in small lakes, ponds, channels and sluices across the State. In Tiruchi, about 52 works would be taken up at an investment of about Rs 10 crore. As per the report, water stressed Tamil Nadu has exploited 95% of surface water and 85% of groundwater. NABARD proposed to support the State with funding to the tune of Rs.3000 crore for rehabilitating 41,000 system tanks over a period of 5 years. http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Tiruchirapalli/nabard-action-plan/article19296600.ece
Centre Status of conversion of sea water into drinking water As per govt sources, 3 desalination plants one each at Kavaratti, Minicoy, and Agatti islands of the Union Territory of Lakshadweep, with a capacity of 1 lakh litre of potable water per day have been commissioned. 6 LTTD plants each with capacity 1.5 lakh liters per day in the islands of Amini, Androth, Kadamat, Chetlat, Kalpeni and Kiltan of Lakshadweep has been approved. One experimental LTTD plant using condenser waste heat from power plant was set up at North Chennai Thermal Power Station. http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=168540
Tamil Nadu Worst water crisis in Chennai Chennai is facing a water crisis similar to that of 2003-04, as the Red Hills reservoir, one of the city’s key water sources, has dried up for the first time in nearly 14 years. The reservoir previously ran dry in 1983 and then in 2003-2004; and in the first week of November 2015, had around 20 million cubic feet of water before rains came to the city’s rescue. Now there are the desalination plants which provide 180 MLD of water and groundwater sources only hope for citizens. The huge extraction of groundwater by Metro Water has been a cause of concern among farmers. http://www.newindianexpress.com/cities/chennai/2017/jul/18/red-alert-worst-water-crisis-see-chennais-reservoir-dry-after-14-years-1630064.html
IMD has issued severe weather warning for Western parts of the country particularly in Rajasthan and Gujarat between 20th to 24th July, 2017. NASA imagery shows heavy rainfall in all through Central and Western India. https://trmm.gsfc.nasa.gov/publications_dir/instant_2.html , http://imd.gov.in/pages/allindiawxwarningbulletin.php http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=168718
Following heavy rain spell, Obra dam on river Renu, Ghori on river Ghori and Dongia on river Garai will start overflowing. It may flood the areas located along channels of canal connected with these dams in Sonebhadra and Mirzapur districts. Other major dam on Renu river is Rihand, where water is discharged by August 15. The condition is alarming for districts like Mirzapur, which had witnessed flash flood in Karnavati river in Vindhyan hills on July 5 after 130mm rainfall within 24 hours. It not only caused huge damages to roads, bridges and houses but seven persons of some families were also swept. On July 9, flash flood at Wyndom waterfall had swept away seven persons, though five of them were rescued.” http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/varanasi/dams-go-beyond-capacity-threat-of-floods-looms-large/articleshow/59661070.cms
Jammu & Kashmir 8 killed in cloudbursts in Chenab valley In the nearby district of Kishtwar, another cloudburst triggered flash floods in the Chichi area and killed a woman and her grandson. http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/cloudburst-hits-jks-doda-district-casualties-feared/article19312899.ece In two separate incidents of cloud bursts in J&K, 6 people get killed in Doda and 2 in Kishtwar districts, both in Chenab Valley: http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/cloudburst-hits-jks-doda-district-casualties-feared/article19312899.ece
Will South India face another drought? While India as a whole has received an average area-weighted rainfall of 343.4 mm during the current monsoon season until July 19, one per cent more than the historic ‘normal’ of 338.4 mm for this period, rain has so far been below-normal in south interior Karnataka (minus 33 per cent), coastal Karnataka (minus 11 per cent), Kerala (minus 24 per cent) and Tamil Nadu (minus 19 per cent). http://indianexpress.com/article/india/drought-shadow-looms-over-deep-south-4758723/
Op-Ed A new (agri)culture by Prashant Bhusan He rightly says that the roots of this crisis lie in the Green Revolution and the policies adopted therein. The situation has also been exacerbated by the govt’s apathy towards the poor in general and towards farmers and rural folk in particular. The Green Revolution led agriculture towards chemical fertilisers, pesticides, irrigation through large dams and massive irrigation projects. This did lead to higher yields initially and, therefore, that period became known as the Green Revolution with most of the gains coming from the introduction of hybrid variety seeds. http://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/farmers-suicide-agitations-loan-waivers-agriculture-green-revolution-droughts-floods-4760169/
Nepal China to have more say in Nepal hydro affairs As per the news the ruling coalition in Nepal has proposed to request Chinese govt to build hydropower projects having combined capacity of 5,000 MW in any river basin in Built and Transfer (BT) model. The proposal comes less than one and half months since the govt signed an agreement to award the Budhigandaki Hydroelectric Project (1200 MW) to a Chinese state-owned company on EPCF (engineering, procurement, construction and financing) model. This document from the Political party in power proposes a new energy route for Nepal in which China has much greater role than currently. http://www.myrepublica.com/news/23987/
Meanwhile GMR Upper Karnali, the developer of the Upper Karnali Hydropower Project, has asked for more time to conclude financial closure citing delays by the govt to provide forest land which have put off potential investors. The company has around two months to arrange funding to build the 900 Mw hydropower project in western Nepal. http://kathmandupost.ekantipur.com/news/2017-07-18/gmr-seeks-more-time.html
Meanwhile, India has urged Nepal’s private sector to lobby policymakers to bring policies that will attract foreign investors to the country. Indian Ambassador to Nepal Manjeev Singh Puri has stressed the need for economic connection between the two countries to anchor the historic ties between them. Puri pointed to hydropower as one sector which both countries should explore together for mutual benefit. http://kathmandupost.ekantipur.com/news/2017-07-18/indian-envoy-stresses-economic-connection.html
We not sure how relevant is this statement in the context of surplus electricity scenario in India that is expected to prevail for long. Indian Ambassador to Nepal Manjeev Singh Puri have pointed out to hydropower as one sector which both countries should explore together for mutual benefit. Nepal has huge potential in terms of hydropower generation while India is a huge export market for electricity generated in Nepal. http://kathmandupost.ekantipur.com/news/2017-07-18/indian-envoy-stresses-economic-connection.html
MoEF Climate resilience project approved in 3 States The National Steering Committee on Climate Change (NSCCC) has approved the Detailed Project Reports (DPRs) submitted by Governments of Rajasthan, Gujarat and Sikkim for funding under the National Adaptation Fund for Climate Change (NAFCC). During the two year period NAFCC has approved 21 projects based on State Action Plans on Climate Change (SAPCCs) at a total cost of Rs. 435.72 crore. http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=168660