Summary of Rivers in Haryana
Location: Northwest India, Carved out of Punjab in 1st November 1966; Area: 44212 sq km. Mostly Gangetic/ Trans-Gangetic Plains; Population: 253.53 lakhs (2011); 4 River Basins, 21 Districts; Climate- Arid to semi-arid with average rainfall
Rivers in Haryana fall mainly within Indus and Ganga basins. River Ghaggar sub basin and its tributaries in the west of the state caters to the Indus basin, while river Yamuna and its tributaries in the east make up the portion of the Ganga basin.
Basic details of Rivers flowing in/ through Haryana state
|SN||Name of Rivers||Length* (km)||Origin||Tributaries||Dam/ Barrages|
|1||Ghaggar||250||Shivalik HillsHimachal, Haryana Border||MarkandaSaraswati Kaushalaya||Ottu Barrage in Sirsa|
|2||Kaushalya||20||Shivalik Hills||No Information||Kaushalya Dam|
|3||Markanda||90||Shivalik Hills||Begna||Barrage at Jalbehra in Kurukshetra|
|4||Tangri /Dangri||70||Shivalik Hills||Many seasonal streams||None|
|5||Saraswati/Sarsuti||?||Shivalik HillsHimachal, Haryana Border||Seasonal Shivalik streams||None|
|6||Choutang||09||Shivalik Hills||Seasonal streams||None|
|7||Dohan||50||Aravali Hills Range||Seasonal Streams||Hamidpur Check Dam|
|8||Krishanvati / Kasunti||30||Aravali Hills RangeRajasthan, Haryana Border||Season Aravali Streams||Norana Check Dam Rajasthan|
|9||Yamuna||350||Bandar Punch Glacier,Uttarakhand||Somb, Thapana, Sahibi||Hathini Kund Barrage|
|10||Somb||40||Shivalik HillsYamuna Nagar||Pathrala (Bali Nadi)||Dadupur Barrage|
|11||Thapana||15||Shivalik Tarai||No Structure|
|12||Sahibi||120||Aravali Hills||Sota, Kotkasim, Indori||Masani|
Status of Rivers in Haryana
- Ghaggar (Kaushalaya, Markanda, Tangari, Sarsuti, Chautang, Saraswati)Due to excessive catchment degradation, the main stem of Ghaggar River has turned seasonal all through its entire length. Same is true for its key tributaries like Markanda, Tangari, Chautang, Kaushalaya. All these rivers originating from Shivalik further are at the receiving end of industrial pollution coming from Kala Abm, Himachal and domestic sewage being discharged into these streams by towns and villages located along their banks. Apart from this floodplains of these rivers has been totally taken by chemical and water intensive farming activities which also has been causing immense damage to the River Ghaggar and its tributaries. Hence River Ghaggar all through its ~250 km length within in Haryana is in RED category.
- Yamuna (Somb, Thapana, Sahibi) Hathini Kund Barrage, Yamuna Nagar has virtually deprived the river of environmental flow, hence the river for its entire length ~200 km upstream Delhi is turned seasonal. The river also receives industrial and domestic wastes in huge amount from Yamuna Nagar, Panipat and Sonipat district in this stretch. The about ~100 km stretch downstream Delhi upto Hodal in Palval is in highly polluted state. Illegal sand mining is rampant and floodplains are under cultivation. The conversion of floodplain into real estate is happening at alarming rate in NCR either side of the river. All this has made the river get into RED River Somb is also a rainfed river. Only Thapana rivulet is in perennial state supporting astounding biodiversity along its tiny length.
- Sahibi (Sota river, Kotkasim drain and Indori river) Like its origin State Rajasthan, Sahibi River has turned a monsoonal river in Haryana. In lower parts, many small towns including millennium city Gurugram discharges volume of pollution in the river. The streams joining the river are also ecologically dead. Hence the entire course ~ 100 km of River Sahibi in Haryana is in RED.
- Krishnavati (Dohan) Krishnavati and Dohan rising from Aravali hills, Rajasthan do enter the Haryana state. Where the already dry courses of both rain fed streams soon become invisible. These streams were believed to be part of Saraswati.
Haryana Rivers Health Matrix
A report by Manoj Misra (firstname.lastname@example.org)
& Bhim Singh Rawat (email@example.com) SANDRP
- This report was commissioned for India Rivers Week 2016.
- The Haryana Drainage map has been put together by a WWF Team led by G Areendran, the names of the rivers have been provided by an INTACH Team led by Dr. Manu Bhatnagar.
- Names in bracket represent the Key tributaries; RED color is for (Critical) status; BLUE is for (Safe) status and rest are PINK (Threatened) status.
- Its a short description, for detail report kindly explore the link Haryana Rivers Profile
- You may also like to see rivers profiles for Rajasthan, West Bengal, North-East India, Maharashtra states
- The same report can also be seen on India Rivers Week Blog